From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1219.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1180s 1190s 1200s – 1210s – 1220s 1230s 1240s|
|Years:||1216 1217 1218 – 1219 – 1220 1221 1222|
|1219 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1219 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1972|
|English Regnal year||3 Hen. 3 – 4 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3915 or 3855
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3916 or 3856
|- Vikram Samvat||1275–1276|
|- Shaka Samvat||1141–1142|
|- Kali Yuga||4320–4321|
|Japanese calendar||Kenpō 7 / Jōkyū 1
|Minguo calendar||693 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1761–1762|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1219.|
- November 5 – Damietta, Egypt falls to the Crusaders after a siege.
- Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade.
- The Egyptian city of Al Mansurah is founded.
- By letter, Genghis Khan summons Qiu Chuji (Chongchan) to visit him to advise him on the medicine of immortality (the Philosopher's Stone)
- The Hojo family, vassals of the Shogun, reduce him to a figurehead.
- June 15 – Livonian Crusade: Danish crusaders led by King Valdemar II conquer Tallinn in the Battle of Lyndanisse. What is to become the flag of Denmark allegedly falls from the sky during that battle. Their stronghold in Tallinn will help the Danes conquer the entire Northern Estonia. The Dannebrog remains the national flag of Denmark.
- Twenty-four Lithuanian dukes and nobles purportedly sign a peace treaty with Halych-Volhynia, stating common cause against invading Christian Crusaders.
- Upon the death of Aymeric of Saint Maur, Alan Marcell becomes master of the Temple in England.
- The East Frisian island of Burchana is broken up in a North Sea flood.
- Christopher I of Denmark (d. 1259)
- Guillaume de Gisors, Grand Master of the fictional Priory of Sion (d. 1307)
- Ariq Boke, the youngest son of Tolui and the 5th Khagan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1266)
- February 13 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
- May 5 – King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
- May 14 – William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1146)
- June 17 – David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon
- November 3 – Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester, English baron and rebel
- Raymond-Roupen of Antioch
- John de Courcy, knight and Earl of Ulster (b. 1160)
- Peter II of Courtenay, Latin Emperor of Constantinople
- Yolanda of Flanders, wife and regent of Peter of Courtenay
- Jayavarman VII, ruler of the Khmer Empire (b. 1181)
- Butkevičienė, Birutė; Vytautas Gricius (July 2003). "Mindaugas — Lietuvos karalius". Mokslas ir gyvenimas (in Lithuanian). 7 (547). Retrieved 2007-05-30.
- Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).