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This article is about the year 1223.
|1223 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1223 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1976|
|English Regnal year||7 Hen. 3 – 8 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)
3919 or 3859
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
3920 or 3860
|- Vikram Samvat||1279–1280|
|- Shaka Samvat||1144–1145|
|- Kali Yuga||4323–4324|
|Japanese calendar||Jōō 2
|Minguo calendar||689 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1765–1766|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1223.|
- March 25 – Sancho II is crowned King of Portugal
- May 31 – Battle of the Kalka River: The Mongol armies of Genghis Khan defeat the Russian warriors.
- August 6 – Louis VIII is crowned King of France.
- Battle of Samara Bend: Volga Bulgars defeat the Mongol army.
- The Franciscan Rule is approved by Pope Honorius III.
- Failure of an attempt by the Sicilian fleet to reconquer Jerba.
- Livonian Crusade: Estonians revolt against the Livonian Brothers of the Sword and Denmark and for a brief period reconquer all of their strongholds except Tallinn.
- The Tatar Yoke in Russia begins when the Mongolian army invades after 87 years of the dominance of the Novgorod Republic state.
- Eleanor of Provence, Queen consort of England (d. 1291)
- Baibars, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria (d. 1277)
- Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer (d. 1265)
- John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel (d. 1267)
- Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Last Native Prince of Wales (d. 1282)
- March 8 – Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish bishop and historian (b. 1161)
- March 25 – King Afonso II of Portugal (b. 1185)
- July 14 – King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
- date unknown
- Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2012.