1224

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1224 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1224
MCCXXIV
Ab urbe condita1977
Armenian calendar673
ԹՎ ՈՀԳ
Assyrian calendar5974
Balinese saka calendar1145–1146
Bengali calendar631
Berber calendar2174
English Regnal yearHen. 3 – 9 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1768
Burmese calendar586
Byzantine calendar6732–6733
Chinese calendar癸未(Water Goat)
3920 or 3860
    — to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
3921 or 3861
Coptic calendar940–941
Discordian calendar2390
Ethiopian calendar1216–1217
Hebrew calendar4984–4985
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1280–1281
 - Shaka Samvat1145–1146
 - Kali Yuga4324–4325
Holocene calendar11224
Igbo calendar224–225
Iranian calendar602–603
Islamic calendar620–621
Japanese calendarJōō 3 / Gennin 1
(元仁元年)
Javanese calendar1132–1133
Julian calendar1224
MCCXXIV
Korean calendar3557
Minguo calendar688 before ROC
民前688年
Nanakshahi calendar−244
Thai solar calendar1766–1767
Tibetan calendar阴水羊年
(female Water-Goat)
1350 or 969 or 197
    — to —
阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
1351 or 970 or 198
Emperor John III (Doukas Vatatzes)

Year 1224 (MCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • February – King Ferdinand III (the Saint) announces his intention to resume the Reconquista against the realm of the Almohad Caliphate.[2] Caliph Yusuf II al-Mustansir dies and is succeeded by Abu Muhammad al-Wahid, but in Al-Andalus, two competing pretenders also claim their rights to the throne: Abu Muhammad Ibn al-Mansur al-Adil in Seville and Abu Muhammad abu Abdallah al-Bayyasi in Córdoba. The chronic political instability on the Almohad site allows Ferdinand to begin his campaign victoriously in October, with the capture of Quesada in Spain.
  • May 5 – King Louis VIII (the Lion) declares war on King Henry III of England. He allies himself with Hugh X of Lusignan and invades first Poitou and then Northern Gascony. The English forces in Poitou are under-strength and lack support from the Poitevin nobles; as a result, the province quickly falls into French hands by the end of June.[3]
  • September – Abdallah al-Adil (the Just), governor in Al-Andalus, challenges the Almohad throne and captures Seville. He marches to Marrakesh to confront Abu Muhammad al-Wahid. Abdallah seizes the royal palace and deposes Muhammad al-Wahid, who is murdered by strangulation.
  • Livonian Crusade: The Livonian Brothers of the Sword defeat the Estonians and reconquer the captured strongholds on the Estonian mainland. With the surrender of the Tartu stronghold, only the islands of Saaremaa and Muhu remain under Estonian control.

England[edit]

  • Spring – Falkes de Bréauté, English high sheriff and a rival of Henry III, refuses to relinquish his castles and starts a rebellion. Cardinal Stephen Langton and forces under Hubert de Burgh deal with Falkes and the castles are handed over. Falkes is found guilty of 16 counts of Wrongful Disseisin, he and his brother William are excommunicated by Langton.
  • June–August –The garrison at Bedford Castle, belonging to Falkes de Bréauté, refuses to surrender to Henry III. The castle falls when the keep is undermined, the garrison, who has surrendered the castle, are all hanged by order of the king. Falkes is allowed to leave the country but loses all his possessions. Bedford Castle is badly damaged as a result.

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Education[edit]

  • June 5 – The University of Naples is founded by Emperor Frederick II. Frederick's main purpose is to create an institution of higher learning that will put an end to the predominance of the universities of northern Italy, most notably these of Bologna and Padua, which are considered either too independent or under the strong influence of Pope Honorius III.

Religion[edit]

  • September 14Francis of Assisi, while praying on the mountain of La Verna during a 40-day fast, has a vision, as a result of which he receives the stigmata. Brother Leo, who is with Francis at the time, leaves a clear and simple account of this event, the first definite account of the phenomenon of stigmata.[5]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Tricht, Filip (2011). The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204–1228), p. 384. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-20323-5.
  2. ^ Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In Abulafia, David (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–699 [672]. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  3. ^ Carpenter, David (1996). The Reign of Henry III, pp. 374–375. London, UK: Hambledon Press. ISBN 1-85285-137-6.
  4. ^ David Nicolle & Viacheslav Shpakovsky (2001). Osprey: Kalka River 1223 - Genghiz Khan's Mongols invade Russia, p. 83. ISBN 1-84176-233-4.
  5. ^ Robinson, Paschal (1909). "St. Francis of Assisi". The Catholic Encyclopedia. VI. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved January 21, 2008.