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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1229 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1229
Ab urbe condita1982
Armenian calendar678
Assyrian calendar5979
Balinese saka calendar1150–1151
Bengali calendar636
Berber calendar2179
English Regnal year13 Hen. 3 – 14 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1773
Burmese calendar591
Byzantine calendar6737–6738
Chinese calendar戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3926 or 3719
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
3927 or 3720
Coptic calendar945–946
Discordian calendar2395
Ethiopian calendar1221–1222
Hebrew calendar4989–4990
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1285–1286
 - Shaka Samvat1150–1151
 - Kali Yuga4329–4330
Holocene calendar11229
Igbo calendar229–230
Iranian calendar607–608
Islamic calendar626–627
Japanese calendarAntei 3 / Kangi 1
Javanese calendar1137–1139
Julian calendar1229
Korean calendar3562
Minguo calendar683 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−239
Thai solar calendar1771–1772
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
1355 or 974 or 202
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
1356 or 975 or 203
The Crusader States (around 1229)

Year 1229 (MCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Sixth Crusade[edit]

  • February 18Treaty of Jaffa: Emperor Frederick II signs a 10-year truce together with Sultan Al-Kamil and his representatives; he manages to regain many parts of the Holy Land through political negotiation, rather than by resorting to military force or directly confronting the Muslim army. Frederick's achievements, including the control of Jerusalem (without the Temple Mount) and Bethlehem, with a corridor running through Lydda to the sea of Jaffa, as well as Nazareth and western Galilee, including Montfort Castle and Toron, and the remaining Muslim districts around Sidon. All Muslims are to be allowed the right of entry in Jerusalem and freedom of worship.[1]
  • March 17 – Frederick II enters Jerusalem, escorted by German and Italian troops. Of the Military Orders only the Teutonic Knights are represented and some clergy. He receives the formal surrender of the city by Al-Kamil's governor (or Qadi), who hands him the keys of Jerusalem. The procession then passes through streets to the old building of the Hospital (or the Muristan), where Frederick takes up his residence in the Christian Quarter.[2]
  • March 18 – Frederick II crowns himself as King of Jerusalem in an impromptu ceremony in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. After the ceremony, he proceeds to the palace of the Hospitallers – where he holds a council to discuss the defense of Jerusalem. Frederick orders the Tower of David and the Gate of St. Stephen are to be repaired at once and he hands over the royal residence attached to the Tower of David to the Teutonic Order.[3]
  • May 1 – Frederick II departs from Acre, while he and his suite pass down the "Street of the Butchers" to the harbour, the people crowd out of the doors, and pelts him with entrails and dung. Meanwhile, Odo of Montbéliard (or Eudes), commander of the Crusader army, and John of Ibelin, lord of Beirut, are left behind to quell the unrest in Palestine.[4]
  • May – Frederick II arrives at Cyprus, where he attends the wedding proxy of the 12-year-old King Henry I (the Fat) to Alice of Montferrat – whose father is one of his staunch supporters in Italy. On June 10, Frederick lands at Brindisi, where the papal army under his father-in-law John of Brienne has invaded the Italian territories in Campania.[5]
  • Autumn – Frederick II recovers the lost Italian territories and tries to condemn the leading rebel barons, but avoids crossing the frontiers of the Papal States. Meanwhile, a first serious raid on Jerusalem is made by a mass of unorganized Beduins and plunderers of pilgrims. An advance guard encouraged the Christians to expel the Muslims.[6]



  • October 13 – King Henry III calls for an army to be assembled at Portsmouth to be transported to Normandy to regain lost territories from the French. A large army of knights turns up ready to go but not enough ships have been provided. Henry blames Hubert de Burgh for the fiasco and in his rage will have killed him if Ranulf of Chester has not intervened. This marks the beginning of the rift between Henry and Hubert de Burgh. Meanwhile, the expedition is postponed until mid-1230.




By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 157. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 158. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 161. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 161. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  6. ^ Hardwicke, Mary Nickerson (1969). The Crusader States, 1192–1243, p. 546. A History of the Crusades (Setton), Volume II.
  7. ^ Lock, Peter (2006). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades, p. 165. New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-24732-2.
  8. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 137. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  9. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia.
  10. ^ Poonawala, Ismail K. (2008). "ʿAlī b. Ḥanẓala b. Abī Sālim". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam (3rd ed.). Brill Online. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_SIM_0322. ISSN 1873-9830.
  11. ^ Historical Aspects of the Reconstruction of Reims Cathedral, 1210-124, Robert Branner, Speculum, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Jan., 1961), 33.
  12. ^ John C. Shideler. "A Medieval Catalan Noble Family: the Montcadas, 1000-1230". The Library of Iberian Resources Online. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  13. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yāqūt". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 904.