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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1230 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1230
Ab urbe condita1983
Armenian calendar679
Assyrian calendar5980
Balinese saka calendar1151–1152
Bengali calendar637
Berber calendar2180
English Regnal year14 Hen. 3 – 15 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1774
Burmese calendar592
Byzantine calendar6738–6739
Chinese calendar己丑年 (Earth Ox)
3926 or 3866
    — to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
3927 or 3867
Coptic calendar946–947
Discordian calendar2396
Ethiopian calendar1222–1223
Hebrew calendar4990–4991
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1286–1287
 - Shaka Samvat1151–1152
 - Kali Yuga4330–4331
Holocene calendar11230
Igbo calendar230–231
Iranian calendar608–609
Islamic calendar627–628
Japanese calendarKangi 2
Javanese calendar1139–1140
Julian calendar1230
Korean calendar3563
Minguo calendar682 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−238
Thai solar calendar1772–1773
Tibetan calendar阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
1356 or 975 or 203
    — to —
(male Iron-Tiger)
1357 or 976 or 204
Map of the Battle of Klokotnitsa (1230)

Year 1230 (MCCXXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • March 9Battle of Klokotnitsa: Byzantine forces under Theodore Komnenos (Doukas) invade Bulgaria, breaking the peace treaty with Tsar Ivan Asen II. Theodore gathers a large army, including western mercenaries. The two armies meet near the village of Klokotnitsa. Ivan applies clever tactics and manages to surround the Byzantines. They are completely defeated, only a small force under Theodore's brother Manuel Doukas manages to escape the battlefield. Theodore is taken prisoner and is blinded. In the aftermath, Ivan quickly extends its control over most of Theodore's domains in Thrace, Macedonia and Albania. The Latin Duchy of Philippopolis and the independent principality of Alexius Slav are also captured and annexed into Bulgaria.[1]



Middle East[edit]

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1994) [1987]. The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 125. ISBN 0-472-08260-4.
  2. ^ Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In Abulafia, David (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 5, c.1198–c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 978-1-13905573-4.
  3. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  4. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 138. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  5. ^ Carpenter, David (2004). The Struggle for Mastery: The Penguin History of Britain 1066–1284, p. 130. London, UK: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-014824-4.
  6. ^ Carmina Burana. Die Lieder der Benediktbeurer Handschrift. Zweisprachige Ausgabe, hg. u. übers. v. Carl Fischer und Hugo Kuhn, dtv, München 1991; wenn man dagegen z. B. CB 211 und 211a jeweils als zwei Lieder zählt, kommt man auf insgesamt 315 Texte in der Sammlung, so auch Dieter Schaller, Carmina Burana, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, Bd. 2, Artemis Verlag, München und Zürich 1983, Sp. 1513