|1233 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1233 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1986|
|Balinese saka calendar||1154–1155|
|English Regnal year||17 Hen. 3 – 18 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||壬辰年 (Water Dragon)|
3929 or 3869
— to —
癸巳年 (Water Snake)
3930 or 3870
|- Vikram Samvat||1289–1290|
|- Shaka Samvat||1154–1155|
|- Kali Yuga||4333–4334|
|Japanese calendar||Jōei 2 / Tenpuku 1|
|Minguo calendar||679 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1775–1776|
1359 or 978 or 206
— to —
1360 or 979 or 207
Year 1233 (MCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- War of the Lombards: Lombard forces at Kyrenia surrender to John of Beirut, after a 10-month siege. The defenders, with their personal belongings, are allowed to retire to Tyre. Captured prisoners are exchanged for those held by Richard Filangieri, commander of the Lombards, at Tyre. Cyprus is wholly restored under the rule of the 16-year-old King Henry I (the Fat). His vassals are rewarded, and loans that they have made are repaid.
- August 20 – Oath of Bereg: King Andrew II of Hungary vows to the Holy See that he will not employ Jews and Muslims to administer royal revenues, which causes diplomatic complaints and ecclesiastical censures.
- Winter – Reconquista: King Ferdinand III (the Saint) conquers the cities of Trujillo and Úbeda. The Castilian army besieges the city of Peniscola. Ferdinand forces Ibn Hud, ruler of the Taifa of Zaragoza, to sign a truce.
- August – Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, signs an alliance with Llywelyn the Great, to join forces to revolt against King Henry III. Richard is faced by demands from royal bailiffs in September – where the garrison of Usk Castle is forced to surrender.
- November – Henry III's army camped at Grosmont Castle is attacked in the night, by a force of Welsh and English rebels. Several of Henry's supporters are captured, and the castle is returned to Hubert de Burgh, one of the rebels.
- May 29 – Mongol–Jin War: The Mongol army led by Ögedei Khan captures Kaifeng, capital of the Jin Dynasty (Great Jin), after a 13-month siege (see Siege of Kaifeng). The Mongols plunder the city, while Emperor Aizong of Jin flees for the town of Caizhou. Meanwhile, Ögedei departs and leaves the final conquest to his favoured general, Subutai.
- December – Siege of Caizhou: The Mongols under Ögedei Khan besiege Caizhou and ally themselves with the Chinese Song Dynasty to eliminate the Jin Dynasty.
Cities and Towns
- Gendt receives their city rights from Otto II (the Lame), count of Guelders (modern Netherlands).
- Pope Gregory IX establishes the Papal Inquisition, to regularize the persecution of heresy.
- August 15 – Philip Benizi, Italian religious leader (d. 1285)
- Adelaide of Burgundy, duchess of Brabant (d. 1273)
- Al-Nawawi, Syrian scholar, jurist and writer (d. 1277)
- Choe Ui, Korean military leader and dictator (d. 1258)
- Ibn al-Quff, Ayyubid physician and surgeon (d. 1286)
- Ibn Manzur, Arab lexicographer and writer (d. 1312)
- Sancho of Castile, archbishop of Toledo (d. 1261)
- January 6 – Matilda (or Maud), English noblewoman (b. 1171)
- January 18 – Yang (or Gongsheng), Chinese empress (b. 1162)
- February 12 – Ermengarde de Beaumont, queen of Scotland
- March 1 – Thomas I (or Tommaso), count of Savoy (b. 1178)
- July 8 – Konoe Motomichi, Japanese nobleman (b. 1160)
- July 26 – Wilbrand of Oldenburg, prince-bishop of Utrecht
- July 27 – Ferdinand (or Ferrand), count of Flanders (b. 1188)
- July 29 – Savari de Mauléon, French nobleman (b. 1181)
- July 30 – Konrad von Marburg, German priest (b. 1180)
- October 8 – Ugo Canefri, Italian health worker (b. 1148)
- November 22 – Helena, duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
- November 27 – Shi Miyuan, Chinese politician (b. 1164)
- Ali ibn al-Athir, Seljuk historian and biographer (b. 1160)
- Bertran de Born (lo Filhs), French troubadour (b. 1179)
- Bohemond IV (the One-Eyed), prince of Antioch (b. 1175)
- Fujiwara no Shunshi, Japanese empress consort (b. 1209)
- Gökböri (Blue-Wolf), Ayyubid general and ruler (b. 1154)
- Guillén Pérez de Guzmán, Spanish nobleman (b. 1180)
- John Apokaukos, Byzantine bishop and theologian
- Marianus II of Torres, Sardinian Judge of Logudoro
- Mathilde of Angoulême, French noblewoman (b. 1181)
- Sayf al-Din al-Amidi, Ayyubid scholar and jurist (b. 1156)
- Simon of Joinville, French nobleman and knight (b. 1175)
- William Comyn, Scoto-Norman nobleman (b. 1163)
- Yolanda de Courtenay, queen consort of Hungary
- ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 169–170. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
- ^ Berend, Nora (2001). At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and "Pagans" in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000-c.1300. Cambridge University Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-521-02720-5.
- ^ Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 270. ISBN 90-04-12951-0.