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This article is about the year 1236.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1200s 1210s 1220s – 1230s – 1240s 1250s 1260s|
|Years:||1233 1234 1235 – 1236 – 1237 1238 1239|
|1236 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1236 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1989|
|English Regnal year||20 Hen. 3 – 21 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3932 or 3872
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3933 or 3873
|- Vikram Samvat||1292–1293|
|- Shaka Samvat||1158–1159|
|- Kali Yuga||4337–4338|
|Japanese calendar||Katei 2
|Minguo calendar||676 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1778–1779|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1236.|
- May 1 – Razia Sultana is the designated successor of her father to the Delhi Sultanate.
- Only 4 of 58 districts in Sichuan, China, are captured from the Southern Song by the Mongols under Ögedei Khan.
- Kalinga Magha, founder of the Aryacakravarti dynasty, is expelled from Polonnaruwa to Jaffna, the capital of the Jaffna kingdom.
- January 14 – Henry III of England marries Eleanor of Provence.
- June 29 – Córdoba, Andalusia, is taken by Castilian troops from the emir Ibn Hud al-Yamadi as part of the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula. The Great Mosque here becomes wholly a Roman Catholic cathedral.
- September 22 – Battle of Saule: The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword.
- Volga Bulgaria is conquered by the Mongol Batu Khan.
- A tournament at Tickhill in England turns into a battle between northerners and southerners, but peace is restored by the papal legate.
- May 6 – Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St. Albans Abbey dies. His chronicle is continued by Matthew Paris.
- A drought causes the harvest to fail and leads to one of the great famines of the century in Europe.
- May 6 – Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler
- November 26 – Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi, Ayyubid emir of Aleppo (b. 1216)
- John of Ibelin, the Old Lord of Beirut (b. c. 1179)
- Gilbert of Dunkeld, Bishop of Dunkeld