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This article is about the year 1236.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1200s 1210s 1220s – 1230s – 1240s 1250s 1260s|
|Years:||1233 1234 1235 – 1236 – 1237 1238 1239|
|1236 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1236 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1989|
|English Regnal year||20 Hen. 3 – 21 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3932 or 3872
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3933 or 3873
|- Vikram Samvat||1292–1293|
|- Shaka Samvat||1158–1159|
|- Kali Yuga||4337–4338|
|Japanese calendar||Katei 2
|Minguo calendar||676 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1778–1779|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1236.|
- May 1 – Razia Sultana is the designated successor of her father to the Delhi Sultanate.
- Only 4 of 58 districts in Sichuan, China, are captured from the Southern Song by the Mongols under Ögedei Khan. The population of Chengdu, roughly one million inhabitants, is summarily slaughtered after the Mongols take the city with little effort.
- January 14 – Henry III of England marries Eleanor of Provence.
- June 29 – Córdoba, Andalusia, is taken by Castilian troops from the emir Ibn Hud al-Yamadi as part of the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula. The Great Mosque here becomes wholly a Roman Catholic cathedral.
- September 22 – Battle of Saule: The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword.
- Volga Bulgaria is conquered by the Mongol Batu Khan.
- A tournament at Tickhill in England turns into a battle between northerners and southerners, but peace is restored by the papal legate.
- May 6 – Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St. Albans Abbey dies. His chronicle is continued by Matthew Paris.
- A drought causes the harvest to fail and leads to one of the great famines of the century in Europe.
- May 6 – Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler
- John of Ibelin, the Old Lord of Beirut (b. c. 1179)