12373 Lancearmstrong

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12373 Lancearmstrong
Discovery [1]
Discovered by C. P. de Saint-Aignan
Discovery site Palomar Obs.
Discovery date 15 May 1994
Designations
MPC designation (12373) Lancearmstrong
Named after
Lance Armstrong
(road racing cyclist)[2]
1994 JE9 · 1997 AP22
main-belt · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 21.80 yr (7,961 days)
Aphelion 2.7326 AU
Perihelion 2.1698 AU
2.4512 AU
Eccentricity 0.1148
3.84 yr (1,402 days)
303.03°
0° 15m 24.48s / day
Inclination 6.7510°
118.52°
149.58°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 3.291±0.264[3]
5±1 km (est. at 0.20)[4]
0.449±0.089[3]
14.2[1]

12373 Lancearmstrong, provisional designation 1994 JE9, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 15 May 1994, by American astronomer and software engineer Charles de Saint-Aignan after examining films taken at Palomar Observatory, California, and named after American cyclist Lance Armstrong.[5]

Orbital and physical characteristics[edit]

Lancearmstrong: orbital diagram

The asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.2–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 10 months (1,402 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.11 and an inclination of 7° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins in 1994, as no precoveries were taken prior to its discovery.[5]

Based on an absolute magnitude of 14.2 and an assumed albedo of 0.20, which is typical for bodies with a silicaceous composition, Lancearmstrong measures between 4 and 6 kilometers in diameter.[4]

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, the asteroid measures 3.3 kilometers in diameter due to an unusually high albedo of 0.449.[3] As of 2016, its composition, shape and rotation period and shape remains unknown.

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after American Lance Armstrong (b. 1971), former professional road racing cyclist. Despite being diagnosed with metastatic testicular cancer, he recovered and returned to cycling. At the time this minor planet was named, he had won the Tour de France three times and encouraged athletes and cancer survivors worldwide.[2][6] Naming citation was published on 1 November 2001 (M.P.C. 43762).[7] In 2012, Armstrong was stripped of his Tour de France victories after a doping scandal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 12373 Lancearmstrong (1994 JE9)" (2016-03-01 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (12373) Lancearmstrong. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 780. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Absolute Magnitude (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "12373 Lancearmstrong (1994 JE9)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  6. ^ Ash, Russell (10 November 2011). Boring, Botty and Spong. RHCP. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4090-9739-6. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 

External links[edit]