1242

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1242 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1242
MCCXLII
Ab urbe condita1995
Armenian calendar691
ԹՎ ՈՂԱ
Assyrian calendar5992
Balinese saka calendar1163–1164
Bengali calendar649
Berber calendar2192
English Regnal year26 Hen. 3 – 27 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1786
Burmese calendar604
Byzantine calendar6750–6751
Chinese calendar辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
3938 or 3878
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3939 or 3879
Coptic calendar958–959
Discordian calendar2408
Ethiopian calendar1234–1235
Hebrew calendar5002–5003
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1298–1299
 - Shaka Samvat1163–1164
 - Kali Yuga4342–4343
Holocene calendar11242
Igbo calendar242–243
Iranian calendar620–621
Islamic calendar639–640
Japanese calendarNinji 3
(仁治3年)
Javanese calendar1151–1152
Julian calendar1242
MCCXLII
Korean calendar3575
Minguo calendar670 before ROC
民前670年
Nanakshahi calendar−226
Thai solar calendar1784–1785
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
1368 or 987 or 215
    — to —
阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1369 or 988 or 216
Depiction of the Battle of Lake Peipus in the late 16th century illuminated manuscript Life of Alexander Nevsky

Year 1242 (MCCXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • Spring – Prince Alexander Nevsky is joined by his brother Andrey II (Yaroslavich) at Novgorod, supported with his elite druzhina (or 'household') from Suzdal. They head southwest across the frozen marshes, which cover much of the land between Novgorod and Pskov. On March 5, Alexander retakes the city almost without a struggle, before the larger Crusader garrison in nearby Izborsk can intervene.[1]
  • April – A Russian force led by Alexander Nevsky crosses the frontier between Novgorod and Livonian Crusader territory, to raid into Catholic Estonia. After that, Alexander breaks his army off into contingents to ravage the countryside. He is forced to turn back, when a local Crusader force under Bishop Hermann von Buxhövden defeats Alexander's advance guard at Mooste bridge south of Tartu.[2]
  • April 5Battle of Lake Peipus (or Battle on the Ice): Russian forces led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by a Crusader army (some 2,600 men), including German Teutonic Knights. The opposing armies meet upon the frozen surface of Lake Peipus. The outnumbered Teutonic Knights are defeated on the slippery surface, by Alexander's elite druzhina and the Novgorod forces.[3]
  • July 2122Battle of Taillebourg: French forces (some 25,000 men) under King Louis IX (the Saint) defeat King Henry III at the bridge over the Charente River near Taillebourg. After the battle, Louis continues to pursue the English troops, capturing many prisoners. Henry retreats with the remnants of his army to Bordeaux, where he spends the winter.
  • Summer – Alexander Nevsky sends envoys to Batu Khan, preemptively capitulating before the Mongols even though they have not reached Novgorod, and accepts his rule as Mongol overlord.
  • November 16 – King Béla IV issues the Golden Bull to the inhabitants of Gradec (modern-day Zagreb) and Samobor in Croatia. By this golden bull, Béla proclaimes Gradec a royal free city.
  • Siegfried III, archbishop of Mainz, conquers Wiesbaden (a free imperial city) and orders the city's destruction, during the war of Emperor Frederick II against the Papal States.
  • King Sancho II (the Pious) conquers the cities of Tavira, Alvor and Paderne, in his continuing expansion against the Muslims, known as the Reconquista.[4]

Mongol Empire[edit]

England[edit]

  • May – Isabella of Angoulême, mother of Henry III, persuades him to mount an expedition to retake Poitou. On May 20, Henry arrives at Royan and joins the rebelling French nobles – forming an army (some 30,000 men). Louis IX exchangs letters with Henry to resolve the conflict, but the dispute escalates further.

Africa[edit]

Levant[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • February 10 – The 10-year-old Emperor Shijō (or Mitsuhito) dies suddenly, despite a dispute over who should follow him as sovereign, Go-Saga (son of former Emperor Tsuchimikado) ascends to the throne of Japan.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Science[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Nicolle (2005). Osprey: Lake Peipus 1242 – Battle on the Ice, p. 60. ISBN 1-85532-553-5.
  2. ^ David Nicolle (2005). Osprey: Lake Peipus 1242 – Battle on the Ice, pp. 62–63. ISBN 1-85532-553-5.
  3. ^ David Nicolle (2005). Osprey: Lake Peipus 1242 – Battle on the Ice, pp. 72–73. ISBN 1-85532-553-5.
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  5. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algénie cœr du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp. 38.
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.