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|1243 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1243 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1996|
|Balinese saka calendar||1164–1165|
|English Regnal year||27 Hen. 3 – 28 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)|
3939 or 3879
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3940 or 3880
|- Vikram Samvat||1299–1300|
|- Shaka Samvat||1164–1165|
|- Kali Yuga||4343–4344|
|Japanese calendar||Ninji 4 / Kangen 1|
|Minguo calendar||669 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1785–1786|
1369 or 988 or 216
— to —
1370 or 989 or 217
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1243.|
- March – Treaty of Alcaraz: Ferdinand III of Castile turns the independent Muslim Taifa of Murcia into a protectorate, and initiates the process of the colonization and Christianization of the region.
- May 1 – The Castillan troops are garrisoned in Murcia, to support the Huddite Dynasty.
- June 25 – Pope Innocent IV succeeds Pope Celestine IV, as the 180th pope.
- June 26 – Battle of Köse Dağ: The Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks of the Sultanate of Rum.
- The city of Brno is founded, in what will become the Czech Republic.
- June 6 – Alix of Brittany, Dame de Pontarcy; Breton noble (d. 1288)
- June 28 – Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (d. 1304)
- September 2 – Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
- James II of Majorca (d. 1311)
- January – Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught
- January 16 – Herman V, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. c. 1180)
- April 25 – Boniface of Valperga, Bishop of Aosta
- May – Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
- May 7 – Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel
- October 15 – Hedwig of Silesia, Polish saint (b. 1174)
- November 1 – Fujiwara no Reishi, Empress consort of Japan (b. 1185)
- de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 88. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.