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- March – Treaty of Alcaraz: Ferdinand III of Castile turns the independent Muslim Taifa of Murcia into a protectorate, and initiates the process of the colonization and Christianization of the region.
- May 1 – The Castillan troops are garrisoned in Murcia, to support the Huddite Dynasty.
- June 25 – Pope Innocent IV succeeds Pope Celestine IV, as the 180th pope.
- June 26 – Battle of Köse Dağ: The Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks of the Sultanate of Rum.
- The city of Brno is founded, in what will become the Czech Republic.
- June 6 – Alix of Brittany, Dame de Pontarcy; Breton noble (d. 1288)
- June 28 – Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (d. 1304)
- September 2 – Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
- James II of Majorca (d. 1311)
- January – Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught
- January 16 – Herman V, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. c. 1180)
- April 25 – Boniface of Valperga, Bishop of Aosta
- May – Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
- May 7 – Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel
- October 15 – Hedwig of Silesia, Polish saint (b. 1174)
- November 1 – Fujiwara no Reishi, Empress consort of Japan (b. 1185)
- de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 88. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.