125 London Wall

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125 London Wall
125 London Wall pictured in 2009
General information
Status Complete
Architectural style Postmodernism
Address No. 125 London Wall, EC2
Town or city London
Country United Kingdom
Construction started 1990
Opening 1992
Cost £175 million
Owner Blackstone
Height 82 metres (270 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 18
Floor area 385,000 sq ft (35,800 m2)
Lifts/elevators 15
Design and construction
Architect Farrells
Developer MEPC plc
Engineer Arup

125 London Wall, also known as Alban Gate, is a postmodernist building on London Wall in the City of London. Along with Embankment Place and Vauxhall Cross, it has been described as one of the three projects that established designer Sir Terry Farrell's reputation in the late-1980s to early-1990s.[1] In 2004, writer Deyan Sudjic described it as "postmodernism at its most exuberant", placing it at number 5 in a list of Ten Triumphs of recent UK architecture.[2]


The district was once the northeast corner of the Roman settlement Londonium. Though one of the oldest settled parts of the city, the area was completely devastated during The Blitz. It was redeveloped in the postwar decades according to modernist planning principles centred on the automobile. London Wall became an "unpleasant 1960s dual carriageway", a "mini-motorway which acted as divisively upon its surroundings as the old wall had".[3][4] The sites surrounding the roadway were developed under high-rise schemes including the Barbican Estate to the north. The site beside the road upon which Alban Gate was built was originally home to Lee House, a modernist office complex. In 1986, spurred by Margaret Thatcher's "Big Bang" deregulation of financial markets and the need for more large-floorplate modern office space, planning permission was granted for the demolition of Lee House.[5]


Construction of the complex began in 1990, and was completed in 1992 with 18 floors and a maximum height of 82 metres (270 ft).[6] Architects Terry Farrell and Partners sought to bridge the urban barrier of London Wall by utilising the air rights over the roadway. The complex is composed of two twin towers, set at a 90-degree angle to each other, with one straddling London Wall itself and offering pedestrian passage via an arcade housing shops and restaurants suspended over the road.

The other tower sits on a heavily modeled podium meant to repair the urban fabric, countering the "agoraphobia" and poor pedestrian circulation of the earlier 1960s modernist schemes.[7] The tower plinth and adjacent low romanesque block relate to the scale of surrounding buildings as well as shield Monkwell Square, which had become a "service yard", from the motorway. Monkwell Square was redesigned and landscaped.[8]

Though the towers are visually distinct, their floorplates are actually connected and share a central service core. The 18th floor of one tower houses a special meeting suite.


The building is well known as the former UK headquarters of JPMorgan Chase, one of the world's leading investment banks.[9] Nabarro LLP leased 138,000 sq ft (12,800 m2) in 2012.[10]


In 2000, MEPC plc sold the building for around £160 million.[11] In July 2010, it was part of a group of six landmark London properties sold to the Carlyle Group for £671 million following the default of Simon Halabi's property companies.[12] In 2014, the building was purchased by Blackstone for £300 million.[13]


  1. ^ "Terry Farrell and Partners". Resource for Urban Design Information. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Sudjic, Deyan (2 May 2004). "Peace in our time". The Observer. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Marmot, Alexi Ferster; Worthington, John (1986). "Great Fire to Big Bang: Private and Public Designs on the City of London". Built Environment 12 (4): 216–233. ISSN 0263-7960. 
  4. ^ Davies 2013, p. 103.
  5. ^ Yau, Wilson (17 October 2011). "Terry Farrell: Postmodernism and its Legacy". RIBA. Archived from the original on 2015-04-27. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "125 London Wall, London". Emporis. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Davies 2013, p. 105.
  8. ^ Davies 2013, p. 107.
  9. ^ "Notice regarding EU e-commerce information and UK Companies Act 2006 requirements". JPMorgan Chase. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  10. ^ MacGregor, Kristy (10 April 2014). "Blackstone to buy City of London office Alban Gate for £300m". DeVono. Archived from the original on 2015-04-27. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  11. ^ Simpkins, Edward (22 April 2001). "MEPC sells £285m Bedfont Lakes". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  12. ^ Likus, Anita; Ainsley Thomson (8 July 2010). "Carlyle Group Buys Six 'White Tower' Assets For GBP671M". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 August 2010. [dead link]
  13. ^ Brenton, Hannah (4 July 2014). "Carlyle completes £300m Alban Gate sale". Property Week. 
  • Davies, Emma, ed. (2013). Collage and Context. London: Laurence King. ISBN 9781780672755. 

Coordinates: 51°31′03″N 0°05′38″W / 51.5175°N 0.0938°W / 51.5175; -0.0938