125 mm smoothbore ammunition

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of ammunition fired by the 125 mm smoothbore gun series used in the T-64, T-72, T-80, M-84, T-90, PT-91, T-14 Armata, and other tanks derived from those designs, as well as the 2A45 Sprut Anti-Tank gun.

APFSDS-T[edit]

Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot tracer or APFSDS-T rounds. Typically used against other modern tanks.

3VBM3/3BM9/10[edit]

Entered service in 1962. The projectile is Maraging steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 410 mm 10: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 5.67 kg
  • Projectile weight: 3.6 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1800 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 5.8 MJ
  • Penetration: 245 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 80 mm at 60° at 2000 m, (energy at 2000 m is 4.2 MJ)[1]

3VBM6/3BM12/13[edit]

Entered service (estimated) in 1968. Essentially the same as the 3BM9 projectile with a tungsten carbide plug.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 410 mm 10: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 5.67 kg
  • Projectile weight: 3.6 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1800 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 5.8 MJ
  • Penetration: 280 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 110 mm at 60° at 2000 m, (energy at 2000 m is 4.2 MJ)[1]

3VBM7/3BM15/16[edit]

BM15 APFSDS projectile.

Entered service (estimated 1972). A slightly longer 3BM12 projectile.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 435 mm 12: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 5.9 kg
  • Projectile weight: 3.9 kg including 2.9 kg and 0.27 kg tungsten carbide plug
  • Muzzle velocity: 1780 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 6.2 MJ
  • Certified Penetration: 310 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 120 mm at 60° at 2000 m,
    • Interestingly, the 'predicted penetration' is 150mm at 60° at 2000 m, [2]

3VBM8/3BM17/18[edit]

Entered service (estimated 1972). An export version of the 3BM-15 without the tungsten carbide plug. Hence, it is an all-steel penetrator with inferior performance.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 450 mm 12: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 5.9 kg
  • Projectile weight: 3.9 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1760 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 6.2 MJ
  • Certified Penetration: 290 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 110 mm at 60° at 2000 m,

3VBM9/3BM22/23[edit]

Entered service 1976. Tungsten carbide penetrator core sheathed in steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 400 mm 11: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 6.55 kg
  • Projectile weight: 4.485 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1760 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.0 MJ
  • Penetration: 380 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 170 mm at 60° at 2000 m,

3VBM10/3BM29/30[edit]

Entered service 1982. Depleted Uranium-nickel-iron alloy sheathed in steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 450 mm 12: 1 L/d - including 250 mm core.
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 6.55 kg
  • Projectile weight: 4.85 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1700 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.0 MJ
  • Penetration: 430 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 210 mm at 60° at 2000 m,

3VBM11/3BM26/27[edit]

Entered service 1983. Tungsten-nickel-iron alloy core sheathed in steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 395 mm 11: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 7.05 kg
  • Projectile weight: 4.8 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1720 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.5 MJ
  • Penetration: 410 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 200 mm at 60° at 2000 m,

3VBM13/3BM32/33[edit]

Entered service in 1985. The projectile is a depleted uranium-nickel-zinc alloy, sheathed in steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 380 mm 13: 1 L/d
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 7.05 kg
  • Projectile weight: 4.85 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1700 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.0 MJ
  • Penetration 500 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 250 mm at 60° at 2000 m,

3VBM17/3BM42 (3BM44)[edit]

A BM-42 APFSDS projectile.

Entered service in 1986. The projectile is a tungsten alloy core sheathed in steel.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 452 mm 15: 1 L/d
  • Round weight: 20.4 kg
  • Projectile weight: 4.85 kg [3]
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 7.05 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1700 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.0 MJ
  • Penetration: 450 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 220 mm at 60° at 2000 m.

3VBM19/3BM42M (3BM44M "Lekalo")[edit]

Entered service in 1994 Utilising an improved penetrator and a new Sabot. Reported to be tungsten alloy.

  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Projectile dimension: 570 mm 22: 1 L/d
  • Round weight: ?
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): 6.95 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1750 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: 7.4 MJ (estimated - assuming 4.85 kg projectile)
  • Penetration: 650 mm at 0° at 2000 m

3VBM??/3BM46 (3BM48 "Svinets")[edit]

Entered service in 1991 Utilising a new Sabot. Reported to be Uranium alloy.

  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Projectile dimension: 546 mm : 22? L/d
  • Round weight: 4.85 kg
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): ?.?? kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1700 m/s
  • Muzzle energy: ?.? MJ
  • Penetration: 650 mm at 0° at 2000 m, 300 mm at 60° at 2000 m

3VBM??/3BM46 (3BM48 "Свинец-2")[edit]

Entered service : Unknown. Utilising a new Sabot. Reported to be tungsten alloy.

  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Projectile dimension: ??? mm
  • Round weight: Unknown
  • Projectile weight (including sabot): ?.?? kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 1700? m/s
  • Muzzle energy: ?.? MJ
  • Penetration: 750?? mm at 0° at 2000?? m

HEAT-FS[edit]

High-explosive anti-tank fin stabilised or HEAT-FS rounds. Typically used against lighter or older tanks and Armoured personnel carriers.

3VBK7/3BK12[edit]

Entered service 1962.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 19 kg
  • Max dispersion: 0.21 mil (0.21 mrad)
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Charge: shaped charge, Steel liner, A-IX-1 (RDX phlegmatized with 5% wax), I-238 detonator
  • Penetration: 420 mm RHA at 0 degrees.

3BK12M[edit]

Entered service 1968. Uses improved 3V-15 detonator.

3VBK10/3BK14[edit]

Entered service 1968.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 19 kg
  • Max dispersion: 0.21 mil (0.21 mrad)
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Charge: shaped charge, Steel liner, phlegmatized 75% HMX, 25% TNT; 3V-15 detonator
  • Charge weight: 1.62 kg
  • Penetration: 450 mm RHA at 0 degrees.

3BK14M[edit]

3BK14M Round.

Improved version, replacing steel liner with a copper liner.[3]

3VBK16/3BK18[edit]

Entered service estimated 1975.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Round weight: 29.0 kg
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 19 kg
  • Max dispersion: 0.21 mil (0.21 mrad)
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Charge: shaped charge, copper liner, phlegmatized 75% HMX, 25% TNT; 3V-15 detonator
  • Penetration: 500 mm RHA at 0 degrees.

3BK18M[edit]

Improved warhead. Entered service estimated 1978. Introduces wave shaping booster.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile weight: 19.02 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Penetration: 550 mm RHA at 0 degrees.

3VBK17/3BK21[edit]

Entered service estimated 1980. Enhancements to improve reliability of the copper jet formation.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 19 kg
  • Max dispersion: 0.21 mil (0.21 mrad)
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Charge: shaped charge, copper liner, phlegmatized 75% HMX, 25% TNT; 3V-15 detonator
  • Penetration: 550 mm RHA at 0 degrees.

3BK21B[edit]

Entered service estimated 1982. Depleted uranium Liner to enhance penetration of advanced composite armours like Chobham.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 19 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 905 m/s
  • Penetration: 750 mm RHA at 0 degrees.[4]

3VBK21/3BK25[edit]

Entered service estimated 1985.

3VBK25/3BK29[edit]

A 3BK29 HEAT round.

Entered service estimated 1988.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Round weight: 28.4 kg
  • Projectile dimension: 680 mm
  • Projectile weight: 18.4 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 915 m/s
  • Penetration: 350mm to 400mm RHA at 60 degree tandem charge

3VBK27?/3BK29M[edit]

First seen publicly in 1998. Reportedly a triple charge warhead.[4]

  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Projectile weight: 18.4 kg
  • Charge weight: 1.62 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 915 m/s
  • Penetration: Estimated at 800 mm triple charge HEAT.[5]

HE-FRAG-FS[edit]

High Explosive Fragmentation Fin Stabilised. General purpose rounds, for use against infantry, bunkers and light vehicles and other 'soft' targets.

3VOF22/3OF19[edit]

A OF-19 HE-FRAG projectile.

Entered service in 1962. Uses the 3V-21 detonator (mass = 0.431 kg, reliability = 0.98). The 90% lethal zone for infantry is reported to be 40 m wide and 20 m deep.[3]

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Round weight: 33.0 kg
  • Projectile weight: 23.0 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 850 m/s
  • Max dispersion: 0.23 mil (0.23 mrad)
  • Charge weight: 3.148 kg
  • Charge: TNT

3VOF36/3OF26[edit]

A 3OF26 HE-FRAG round.

Entered service in 1970. Uses the 3V-21 detonator (mass = 0.431 kg, reliability = 0.98). The projectile creates between 600 and 2,000 fragments.

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Round weight: 33.0 kg
  • Projectile weight: 23.0 kg
  • Muzzle velocity: 850 m/s
  • Max dispersion: 0.23 mil (0.23 mrad)
  • Charge weight: 3.148 kg
  • Charge: A-IX-2 (73% RDX, 23% aluminium powder, phlegmatized with 4% wax) 3.4 kg

ATGW/ATGM[edit]

9M112 Kobra[edit]

The 9K112 Kobra round in flight configuration

The 9K112 Kobra (NATO reporting name is AT-8 Songster) is also fired from the 125 mm main guns of the T-64 and T-80 series of tanks.[6]

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile weight: 23.2 kg
  • Warhead weight: 4.5 kg
  • Guidance system: Radio-command guided
  • Range: 100 – 4000 metres
  • Penetration: Estimated at 600 millimetres (24 in) tandem charge HEAT.

9M119 Refleks[edit]

The 9M119 Svir and 9M119M Refleks (NATO reporting name: AT-11 Sniper) anti-tank guided missile has semi-automatic laser beam-riding guidance and a tandem hollow-charge HEAT warhead. It has an effective range of 75 m to 5000 m, and takes 17.6 seconds to reach maximum range. Refleks can penetrate about 900 millimetres (35 in) of steel armour and can also engage low-flying air targets such as helicopters.[6]

  • Country of origin: Soviet Union
  • Projectile weight: 16.5 kg
  • Warhead weight: 4.5 kg
  • Guidance system: Laser-beam riding
  • Range: 75 – 5000 metres
  • Penetration: Estimated at 900 millimetres (35 in) tandem charge HEAT.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.kotsch88.de/tafeln/st_125_mm-ke.htm
  2. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (1993). T-72 Main Battle Tank 1974–93. Osprey. pp. 24. ISBN 1-85532-338-9.
  3. ^ a b c Stefan Kotsch. "Das Panzerdetail - Munition der 125 mm Kanone D-81" (in German). Kotsch88.de. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  4. ^ a b http://web.archive.org/web/20050407021009/http://www.knoe.odgw.net/Military/125.htm
  5. ^ "Vasiliy Fofanov's Modern Russian Armour Page". Armor.kiev.ua. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  6. ^ a b http://fofanov.armor.kiev.ua/Tanks/ARM/atgm/ammo.html

External links[edit]