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Conradin (right) is executed by Charles I of Sicily, thus extinguishing the Hohenstaufen dynasty.
1268 ( ) was a MCCLXVIII leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
By topic [ edit ]
War and politics [ edit ]
February 18 – Battle of Rakvere: The Livonian Order is defeated by Dovmont of Pskov.
August 23 – Battle of Tagliacozzo: The army of Charles of Anjou defeats the Ghibellines supporters of Conradin of Hohenstaufen, marking the fall of the Hohenstaufen Family from the Imperial and Sicilian thrones, and leading to the new chapter of Angevin domination in Southern Italy.
October 29 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed, along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden, by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic Church. King
Stephen V of Hungary launches a war against Bulgaria. The
County of Wernigerode becomes a vassal state of the Margrave of Brandenburg.
New election procedures for the election of the doge are established in Venice, in order to reduce the influence of powerful individual families.
Pope Clement IV dies; the following papal election fails to choose a new pope for almost 3 years, precipitating the later creation of stringent rules governing the electoral procedures.
Culture [ edit ]
By place [ edit ]
May 18 – Battle of Antioch: The Principality of Antioch, a crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars; his destruction of the city of Antioch is so great, as to permanently negate the city's importance. The
Battle of Xiangyang, a 6-year battle between the Chinese Song dynasty and the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan, begins in what is today Hubei.
Kublai Khan sends an emissary to the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, demanding an acknowledgment of suzerainty and payment of tribute; the Japanese refuse, starting a diplomatic back-and-forth, lasting until the Mongols attempt to invade in 1274. An earthquake in
Cilicia kills an estimated 60,000 people. The
Tibetan monk Drogön Chögyal Phagpa of the Sakya School completes the 'Phags-pa script, which was sponsored by Kublai Khan as a new writing system in his empire.
References [ edit ]