126 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
126 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar126 BC
Ab urbe condita628
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 198
- PharaohPtolemy VIII Physcon, 20
Ancient Greek era163rd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4625
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−718
Berber calendar825
Buddhist calendar419
Burmese calendar−763
Byzantine calendar5383–5384
Chinese calendar甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
2571 or 2511
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
2572 or 2512
Coptic calendar−409 – −408
Discordian calendar1041
Ethiopian calendar−133 – −132
Hebrew calendar3635–3636
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−69 – −68
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2975–2976
Holocene calendar9875
Iranian calendar747 BP – 746 BP
Islamic calendar770 BH – 769 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2208
Minguo calendar2037 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1593
Seleucid era186/187 AG
Thai solar calendar417–418
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1 or −380 or −1152
    — to —
(female Wood-Rabbit)
2 or −379 or −1151

Year 126 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lepidus and Orestes (or, less frequently, year 628 Ab urbe condita) and the Third Year of Yuanshuo. The denomination 126 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]



  • Winter 127/6: The Xiongnu ruler Junchen Chanyu dies, and his younger brother Yizhixie, the Luli King of the Left (East), overthrows Junchen's son Yudan and sets himself up as the new Chanyu. Yudan flees to the Han and dies a few months later.[1]


  • Summer: In retaliation for the Han conquest of the Ordos Plateau in the previous year, the Xiongnu invade the province of Dai, kill its governor, Gong You, and carry off over 1000 of its inhabitants.
  • Autumn: The Xiongnu cross into Yanmen and kill or carry off over 1000 of the inhabitants.[2][3]
  • Having used the Xiongnu civil war to escape his imprisonment, the diplomat Zhang Qian returns to China and reports on the lands to the west.[4]
  • To avoid the Xiongnu and Qiang of the north-west and west respectively, Emperor Wu begins a policy of exploring a possible route of contact with Daxia (Bactria) via India, sending envoys to establish diplomatic relations with and movement through the Dian Kingdom. Wu wishes to receive the submission of Daxia and other states in western Eurasia.[5]



  1. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Xiongnu.
  2. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 141. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  3. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Xiongnu, Section: Wei Qing & Huo Qubing.
  4. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 146. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  5. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 150–151. ISBN 978-1628944167.