126th Infantry Regiment (France)
|126st Infantry Regiment|
|Active||August 1793 - present|
9th Marine Infantry Brigade|
|Motto(s)||"Fier et vaillant" (Proud and valiant).|
The 126th Infantry Regiment is a regiment first constituted during the French Revolution.
- 1 Creation and different nominations
- 2 History
- 3 Traditions
- 4 Regimental Commanders
- 5 References
Creation and different nominations
- August 1793 in France : appeared officially the number 126 in the infantry history of the French Military, under the designation of 126th battle demi-brigade (French: 126e demi-brigade de bataille, 126e DBB) within the cadre of the reorganization of the armies of the revolution.
- 1793 - 1796 : creation of the 126th battle demi-brigade, from the 2nd battalion of the 62nd Infantry Regiment (French: 62e Régiment d'Infanterie, 62e RI), merged from two armies under the revolution (French: Amalgame des deux armées sous la Révolution), the 2nd Volunteer Battalion of Ain (French: 2e Bataillon de Volontaires de l'Ain) and the 3rd Volunteer Battalion of Nièvre (French: 3e Bataillon de Volontaires de la Nièvre).
- 1796 in France : the unit was incorporated into the 99th Infantry Regiment (French: 99e Régiment d'Infanterie, 99e RI).
- 1810 - 1813 : creation of the 126th Line Infantry Regiment (French: 126e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne, 126e RI) from the 5th Infantry Regiment (French: 5e Régiment d'Infanterie, 5e RI) and the 1st battalion of the 8th Infantry Regiment (French: 8e Régiment d'Infanterie, 8e RI) of the Kingdom of Holland, during the annexation of the latter.
- 1813 in France: incorporation of the remainder of the regiment into the 123rd Infantry Regiment (French: 123e Régiment d'Infanterie, 123e RI).
- 1870 - 1871 : formed on November 1, 1870 with the 26th Marching Regiment organized on August 27 by means of the 4th battalion of the 66th Infantry Regiment,(French: 66e Régiment d'Infanterie, 66e RI), the 89th Infantry Regiment (French: 89e Régiment d'Infanterie, 89e RI), and the 98th Infantry Regiment (French: 98e Régiment d'Infanterie, 98e RI). Merged on March 27, 1871 in France with the 26th Infantry Regiment (French: 26e Régiment d'Infanterie, 26e RI).
- May 16, 1871 in France : creation of the 126 Line Infantry Regiment formed with the 19th Provsionary Infantry Regiment.
- April 4, 1872 : a decree of the President of the Republic constituted officially the regiment which was designated as 126th Infantry Regiment, composed of four battalions of four companies.
- August 1914 in France: gave formation to the 326th Infantry Regiment (French: 326e Régiment d'Infanterie, 326e RI).
- August 5, 1940 : dissolution.
- 1944 - 1946 : 126th Infantry Regiment. Reconstituted officially on October 15, 1944 in France, dissolved April 1, 1946 in France.
- April 1, 1946 in France: creation of the 126th Infantry Battalion.
- 1946 : dissolution.
- February 1, 1946 in France : creation of the 126th Infantry Regiment.
Wars of the Revolution and Empire
- 1795: Quiberon
- 1812: the regiment took part in the campaign of Russia:
- 1870 - 1871: Siege of Paris
1870 to 1914
1874: garrison at Lyon.
- 1881 to 1896: campaigns of North African and Madagascar.
- 1907, the regiment left Toulouse and arrived in garrison at Brive-la-Gaillarde.
World War I
- 1915 :
Meuse and Argonne : Regniéville, Réménauville, Wooden Forest d'Ailly
- 1916 :
- Battle of Verdun - Marre-Charny.
- 1917 :
- Champagne : Maison-de-Champagne (March 8–12), Auberive (April 17).
- 1918 :
- Italian front : Austrian offensive of June 15, Piave offensive
The 126e RI was in garrison at Brive-la-Gaillarde in January 1939, and recalled to apply the "barrage plan" in the Pyrénées-Orientales.
World War II
The regiment illustrated capability in June 1940 to halt offensives, while record marching 350 km in two weeks.
The regiment was reconstituted in 1944 from marquis of Corrèze and Périgord and participated in the liberation of Alsace, then entered the Black Forest. In January 1945, the 126th Infantry Regiment was integrated into the First Army, which was first at the disposition of the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Free French Division 1re DFL, where the 126th reinforced the 2nd Brigade during the period of the defensive mounted on Strasbourg, and the surveillance of left wing of the Rhin. Then, with the 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division 2e DIM, and participating with the 9th Colonial Infantry Division 9e DIC to campaign battles, combat of Karlsruhe, Ruppur, Rastadt with the 23e RIC and 6e RIC.
1945 to present
- In Algeria from 1947 to 1948, the regiment was designated as a center of instruction for that theatre.
- Assigned to the 15th Infantry Division; materials forming in the 1980s were constituted by a number of U.S. American equipment from World War II, including machine pistol types used in Indochina and Algeria.
- Professionalized in 1998, in the respective garrison, the regiment was attached to the 3rd Light Armoured Brigade.
- The regiment was part of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in Lebanon in 1984/1985 then also in 1992 with the 5th Chasseur Regiment (French: 5e Régiment de chasseurs à cheval) of Périgueux.
- Conducted operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina after 1992.
- Conducted operations in Lebanon in 2001.
- Conducted operations in Kosovo in 2011 and 2004.
- Conducted operations in Afghanistan in 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010 at the corps of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). On February 29, 2008 in Afghanistan: training instruction of the Afghan National Army (ANA) with the 126e RI.
- Conducted operations in the Ivory Coast in 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005 and in 2008 at the corps of Operation Unicorn.
- Conducted operations in the Central African Republic in 2006, 2011, 2012, 2014.
- Conducted the mandate PAMIR in Surobi, Afghanistan from July to December 2010 under designation (GTIA).
- Permanence in France at the corps of the Vigipirate.
Insignia of the 126e RI
White Buffalo since 1937, on the background of a blue Cross of Lorraine since 1944.
Lieutenant-colonel Godefroy, regimental commander of the 126e RI endowed the regiment with an insignia featuring the ruins of Oradour, to evoke the 134th Infantry Regiment (French: 134e Régiment d'Infanterie, 134e RI) which was integrated to the 126e RI in October 1945.
The actual insignia of the regiment was endowed by colonel Mestelan, regimental commander from 1979 to 1981.
The regimental colors of the 126e RI are decorated with:
- Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with :
- 2 bronz palms ( 2 citations at the orders of the armed forces)
- Croix de la Valeur militaire with:
- 1 bronz palm (November 23, 2011)
- 1 palm (June 26, 2013)
- Fourragere with colors of the croix de guerre 1914-1918 and colors of the croix de la Valeur militaire.
- Bérézina 1812
- Artois 1915
- Auberive 1917
- Italie 1918
Sources and bibliography
- (in French) Le 126e régiment d'infanterie sur le site internet www.defense.gouv.fr du Ministère de la Défense