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This article is about the year 1270.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1240s  1250s  1260s  – 1270s –  1280s  1290s  1300s
Years: 1267 1268 126912701271 1272 1273
1270 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Art and literature
1270 in poetry
1270 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1270
Ab urbe condita 2023
Armenian calendar 719
Assyrian calendar 6020
Bengali calendar 677
Berber calendar 2220
English Regnal year 54 Hen. 3 – 55 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1814
Burmese calendar 632
Byzantine calendar 6778–6779
Chinese calendar 己巳(Earth Snake)
3966 or 3906
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3967 or 3907
Coptic calendar 986–987
Discordian calendar 2436
Ethiopian calendar 1262–1263
Hebrew calendar 5030–5031
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1326–1327
 - Shaka Samvat 1192–1193
 - Kali Yuga 4371–4372
Holocene calendar 11270
Igbo calendar 270–271
Iranian calendar 648–649
Islamic calendar 668–669
Japanese calendar Bun'ei 7
Julian calendar 1270
Korean calendar 3603
Minguo calendar 642 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 1812–1813
The cathedral atop the Rock of Cashel in Ireland was completed in 1270.

Year 1270 (MCCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



The Eighth Crusade[edit]

Other events[edit]


  • In Korea, the Sambyeolcho Rebellion begins against the Goryeo Dynasty, a puppet government of the Mongol Empire.
  • The ancient city of Ashkelon is captured from the crusader states and utterly destroyed by the Mamluk sultan Baibars, who goes so far as to fill in its important harbor, leaving the site desolate and the city never to be rebuilt.
  • The city of Tabriz, in present-day Iran, is made capital of the Mongol Ilkhanate Empire (approximate date).
  • The independent state of Kutch is founded in present-day India.
  • A census of the Chinese city of Hangzhou establishes that some 186,330 families reside within it, not including visitors and soldiers. (Historian Jacques Gernet argues that this means a population of over 1 million inhabitants, making Hangzhou the most populous city in the world.)