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The cathedral atop the Rock of Cashel in Ireland was completed in 1270.
1270 ( ) was a MCCLXX common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The Eighth Crusade [ edit ]
Other events [ edit ]
In Korea, the
Sambyeolcho Rebellion begins against the Goryeo Dynasty, a puppet government of the Mongol Empire. The ancient city of
Ashkelon is captured from the Crusader States, and utterly destroyed by the Mamluk sultan Baibars, who goes so far as to fill in its important harbor, leaving the site desolate, and the city never to be rebuilt. The city of
Tabriz, in present-day Iran, is made capital of the Mongol Ilkhanate Empire (approximate date). The independent state of
Kutch is founded, in present-day India. A census of the Chinese city of
Hangzhou establishes that some 186,330 families reside within it, not including visitors and soldiers (Historian Jacques Gernet argues that this means a population of over 1 million inhabitants, making Hangzhou the most populous city in the world).
February 16 – Livonian Crusade - Battle of Karuse: The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order decisively, on the frozen surface of the Baltic Sea.
September 1 – King Stephen V of Hungary writes his walk to the antiquum castellum near Miholjanec, where the Sword of Attila has been recently discovered.
December – Crucial aspects of the philosophy of Averroism (itself based on Aristotle's works) are banned by the Roman Catholic Church, in a condemnation enacted by papal authority at the University of Paris. The
, a work by Summa Theologica Thomas Aquinas that is considered within the Roman Catholic Church to be the paramount expression of its theology, is completed (year uncertain).
Witelo translates Alhazen's 200-year-old treatise on optics, Kitab al-Manazir, from Arabic into Latin, bringing the work to European academic circles for the first time. The
Sanskrit fables known as the , dating from as early as 200 Panchatantra BCE, are translated into Latin, from a Hebrew version by John of Capua. Construction of the
Old New Synagogue in Prague is completed. The
cathedral on the Rock of Cashel in Ireland is completed. The
is ended. Chronicle of Melrose
References [ edit ]