1273

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1273 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1273
MCCLXXIII
Ab urbe condita2026
Armenian calendar722
ԹՎ ՉԻԲ
Assyrian calendar6023
Balinese saka calendar1194–1195
Bengali calendar680
Berber calendar2223
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 2 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1817
Burmese calendar635
Byzantine calendar6781–6782
Chinese calendar壬申年 (Water Monkey)
3969 or 3909
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3970 or 3910
Coptic calendar989–990
Discordian calendar2439
Ethiopian calendar1265–1266
Hebrew calendar5033–5034
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1329–1330
 - Shaka Samvat1194–1195
 - Kali Yuga4373–4374
Holocene calendar11273
Igbo calendar273–274
Iranian calendar651–652
Islamic calendar671–672
Japanese calendarBun'ei 10
(文永10年)
Javanese calendar1183–1184
Julian calendar1273
MCCLXXIII
Korean calendar3606
Minguo calendar639 before ROC
民前639年
Nanakshahi calendar−195
Thai solar calendar1815–1816
Tibetan calendar阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1399 or 1018 or 246
    — to —
阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1400 or 1019 or 247
King Rudolf I of Germany is welcomed at Basel, by Franz Pforr (19th century)

Year 1273 (MCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • January 22 – Sultan Muhammad I (or Ibn al-Ahmar) suffers fatal injuries after falling from his horse near the city of Granada during a minor military expedition. He is succeeded by his son Muhammad II, who becomes ruler of the Emirate of Granada. Muhammad enters negotiations with King Alfonso X (the Wise) to make peace with Castile, but he refuses to grant a truce to the Banu governors (arraeces) of Málaga and Guadix in Andalusia.[1]
  • Autumn – Muhammad I sends an embassy to the court of Alfonso X in Seville, where it is received with honour. Alfonso agrees to Granada's demands, to end his support for the Banu Ashqilula, in exchange for the promise that Muhammad becomes Alfonso's vassal. Muhammad pays him 450,000 maravedis each year in tribute and grants the Banu rebels a truce for two years.[2]
  • October 1Rudolf I is elected King of Germany over the rival candidate Ottokar II, king of Bohemia, ending the Great Interregnum. He is the first of many Habsburgs to hold the throne and is crowned in Aachen Cathedral, on October 24. Ottokar refuses to acknowledge Rudolf as the new ruler and is placed under the imperial ban, leading to the outbreak of war in 1276.[3]
  • The Congregatio Regni totius Sclavonie Generalis, with its decisions (statuta et constitutiones), is the oldest surviving document written by the Croatian parliament (or Sabor).

Middle East[edit]

  • July – Mamluk forces under Baibars capture the last remaining stronghold of the Hashashin (or Assassins) sect, Al-Kahf Castle.[4]
  • August – Mongol forces surround the castle of Al-Bira. Baibars skirts around the enemy with camels and wagons. He launches a devastating attack and routes the Mongols.[5]
  • December – Followers of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian poet and mystic, establish the Mevlevi Order (Whirling Dervishes) in the city of Konya (approximate date).

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Art and Science[edit]

  • The Holy Redeemer khachkar, believed to be one of the finest examples of art, is carved in Haghpat (modern Armenia).

Economy[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 60. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  2. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  3. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 147. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  4. ^ Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 117. ISBN 9781135131371.
  5. ^ Andrew Roberts (2011). Great Commanders of the Medieval World (454–1582), pp. 196–197. ISBN 978-0-85738-589-5.
  6. ^ "Joan I | Facts & Biography". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 22, 2018.