1270s in England
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Events from the 1270s in England.
- April – Parliament levies a property tax to support the Eighth Crusade.
- 9 September – William Chillenden elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 20 August – Prince Edward participates in the Ninth Crusade with his wife Eleanor of Castile.
- Battle of Áth-an-Chip: The army of the Irish Kingdom of Connacht routs the English army near Carrick-on-Shannon.
- Summer – Pope Gregory X sets aside the election of William Chilldenden to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 24 September – Prince Edward leaves Acre at the end of the Ninth Crusade for Sicily.
- 11 October – Robert Kilwardby enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 16 November – King Henry III dies; Prince Edward succeeds him as Edward I of England.
- Court of Common Pleas established as a permanent body, and receives its first chief justice (Gilbert of Preston).
- The Worshipful Company of Cordwainers receives the right to regulate the leather trade in London.
- 22 April – Edward I's first parliament meets and passes the first Statute of Westminster, codifying the existing law in England, in 51 chapters of Norman French, and defining legal privileges.
- May – Parliament imposes the first regular customs duty on wool and leather.
- 11 September – earthquake in southern England damages churches at Glastonbury.
- Llywelyn ap Gruffudd refuses to pay homage to Edward I; Llywelyn's proxy bride Eleanor de Montfort (Edward's cousin) is captured at sea off the south-west of England and held prisoner at Windsor Castle as a bargaining counter for Llywelyn's compliance.
- New statute forbids Jews from charging interest on loans.
- June or July – Robert Burnell elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 7 August – Statute of Gloucester defines competences of local courts and establishes legal procedures for claiming a right to privileges.
- 13 October – the King allows his cousin Eleanor de Montfort to marry Llywelyn ap Gruffudd at Worcester Cathedral.
- 17 November – all Jews in England imprisoned on suspicion of coin clipping.
- January – Pope Nicholas III quashes the election of Robert Burnell to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 25 January – John Peckham enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- The first of the Statutes of Mortmain prevents land from passing into possession of the church.
- December – new coinage issued, including the first groats and round farthings and a new silver halfpenny.
- Itinerant royal judges are ordered to inquire into confederacies against justice, thus effectively making conspiracy a crime.
- The Royal Mint moves to the Tower of London by this year.
- Further round of Hundred Rolls commissioned.
- Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (died in battle 1322)
- Approximate date – Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, politician (executed 1322)
- 26 February – Margaret of England, daughter of Henry III of England and consort of Alexander III of Scotland (born 1240)
- 13 April – Eleanor of England (born 1215)
- 24 September – Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (born 1208)
- John of Howden, canon and poet writing in Norman French and Latin
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 88–90. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 146–148. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Library & Archives – History". Oxford: Merton College. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
- Perrin, W. G. (1922). British Flags. Cambridge University Press. p. 37.
- "Medieval English Hammered Farthings - Edward I - intro". Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- Gillingham, John; Griffiths, Ralph A. (2000). Medieval Britain: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-19-285402-5.
- "The Royal Mint at the Tower of London". Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-03.