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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1274 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1274
Ab urbe condita2027
Armenian calendar723
Assyrian calendar6024
Balinese saka calendar1195–1196
Bengali calendar681
Berber calendar2224
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 3 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1818
Burmese calendar636
Byzantine calendar6782–6783
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3970 or 3910
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3971 or 3911
Coptic calendar990–991
Discordian calendar2440
Ethiopian calendar1266–1267
Hebrew calendar5034–5035
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1330–1331
 - Shaka Samvat1195–1196
 - Kali Yuga4374–4375
Holocene calendar11274
Igbo calendar274–275
Iranian calendar652–653
Islamic calendar672–673
Japanese calendarBun'ei 11
Javanese calendar1184–1185
Julian calendar1274
Korean calendar3607
Minguo calendar638 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−194
Thai solar calendar1816–1817
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1400 or 1019 or 247
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
1401 or 1020 or 248

The first Mongol invasion of Japan is repelled. Two samurai at Hakata Bay.

Year 1274 (MCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • May 7Second Council of Lyon: Pope Gregory X convenes a council at Lyon, after Emperor Michael VIII (Palaiologos) gives assurances that the Orthodox Church is prepared to reunite with Rome. The council agrees to a settlement between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church over several key issues – Orthodox acceptance of papal primacy and the acceptance of the Nicene Creed with the Filioque clause. Gregory approves a tithe to support efforts to liberate the Holy Land from Muslims, and reaches apparent resolution of the schism, which ultimately proves unsuccessful. All but four mendicant orders of friars are suppressed. Catholic teaching on Purgatory is defined for the first time.[1]
  • November – The Imperial Diet at Nuremberg orders that all crown estates seized since the death of Emperor Frederick II be restored to King Rudolf I. Almost all European rulers agree, with the exception of Ottokar II, king of Bohemia, who has benefited greatly by conquering or otherwise coming into possession of many of those lands.




  • November 419Battle of Bun'ei: Forces of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty of China invade Japan. After conquering the Japanese settlements on Tsushima and Iki islands, Kublai Khan's fleet moves on to Japan and lands at Hakata Bay. Their landing is not unopposed: an old sea wall ran along much of the bay and behind it are stationed the warriors of Hōjō Tokimune. The Japanese open combat with whistling arrows (kabura-ya), designed to unnerve and intimidate their foes. The Mongols use bombs against the Japanese forces and manage to break through at a few places, burning down the nearby town of Hakata (modern-day Fukuoka). The invaders are eventually repelled, and after inflicting heavy losses on the Japanese, a withdrawal is ordered. Credit for a great typhoon – called a kamikaze, or divine wind – the Mongol fleet is dashed on the rocks and destroyed. Some sources suggest that 200 warships are lost. Of the 30,000 strong invasion force, some 13,000 does not return.[4]
  • Nichiren, Japanese priest and philosopher, enters exile on Mount Minobu. He leads a widespread movement of followers in Kantō and Sado mainly through his prolific letter-writing.

By topic[edit]





In Fiction[edit]


  1. ^ "Denzinger EN 824". The Sources of Catholic Dogma (Enchiridion Symbolorum). Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2022.
  2. ^ Prestwich, Michael (2005). Plantagenet England 1225–1360, p. 123. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922687-0.
  3. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  4. ^ Stephen Turnbull (2010). Osprey: The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281, pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-1-84603-456-5.
  5. ^ Peter E. Bondanella (2003). The Inferno, Introduction, p. XI, Barnes & Noble Classics. ISBN 1-59308-051-4.
  6. ^ Dante Alighieri (2013). Delphi Complete Works of Dante Alighieri. Vol. 6 (Illustrated ed.). Delphi Classics. ISBN 978-1-909496-19-4..
  7. ^ Gabriele Esposito (2019). Osprey: Armies of the Medieval Italian Wars 1125–1325, p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4728-3340-2.
  8. ^ Szűcs, Jenő (2002). Az utolsó Árpádok [The Last Árpáds] (in Hungarian). Osiris Kiadó. ISBN 963-389-271-6.
  9. ^ "Ghost of Old – Sucker Punch Productions".