From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1282 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1282
Ab urbe condita2035
Armenian calendar731
Assyrian calendar6032
Balinese saka calendar1203–1204
Bengali calendar689
Berber calendar2232
English Regnal year10 Edw. 1 – 11 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1826
Burmese calendar644
Byzantine calendar6790–6791
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3978 or 3918
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3979 or 3919
Coptic calendar998–999
Discordian calendar2448
Ethiopian calendar1274–1275
Hebrew calendar5042–5043
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1338–1339
 - Shaka Samvat1203–1204
 - Kali Yuga4382–4383
Holocene calendar11282
Igbo calendar282–283
Iranian calendar660–661
Islamic calendar680–681
Japanese calendarKōan 5
Javanese calendar1192–1193
Julian calendar1282
Korean calendar3615
Minguo calendar630 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−186
Thai solar calendar1824–1825
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
1408 or 1027 or 255
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
1409 or 1028 or 256
The War of the Sicilian Vespers: Rebels massacre French soldiers (c. 1822)

Year 1282 (MCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • March 30War of the Sicilian Vespers: A group of Sicilian conspirators begins an uprising against the rule of King Charles I; over the next six weeks, thousands of French are killed. The rebellion forces Charles to abandon the Ninth Crusade, while still en route to the target city of Constantinople and allows King Peter III (the Great) to take over rule of the island from Charles (which in turn leads to Peter's excommunication by Pope Martin IV).
  • May 1Battle of Forlì: A French expeditionary army under Jean d'Eppe launches an assault on Forlì and breaches the outer wall. While they plunder the suburbs, Guido I da Montefeltro sends a small force out the gate on the opposite side of the city. In an ambush, Guelph and Ghibelline forces defeat the main army of d'Eppe, who is forced to retreat to Faenza. He requests Martin IV for more reinforcements, but this is refused.[1]
  • Summer – A Aragonese expeditionary army under Peter III lands in North Africa in Collo, in proclaimed support of a rebellion of the governor of Constantine, Ibn Wazir. The revolt is suppressed by Abu Ishaq Ibrahim I, ruler of the Hafsid Sultanate. Peter, wary of the situation in Sicily, sails off and fails to take advantage of the state of rebellion in North Africa. Ibrahim stabilizes his power and styles himself emir of the sultanate.[2]
  • June – The 24-year-old Prince Sancho, heir to the throne of Castile, assembles a coalition of nobles and starts a massive rebellion against his father, King Alfonso X (the Wise). He dispatched his brothers into the realm to claim strategically important cities and castles. Only the cities of Seville, Murcia, and Badajoz remain loyal to Alfonso, who becomes isolated politically and abandoned by most of his family.[3]
  • June 26 – King Denis I (the Poet King) marries the 11-year-old Elizabeth of Aragon, daughter of Peter III (the Great), in Trancoso. Elizabeth received the towns of Óbidos, Abrantes, and Porto de Mós as part of her dowry. Denis, known for his poetry, writes several poems and books himself, with topics of administration and hunting. During his reign, Lisbon becomes one of Europe's centers of art and culture.
  • July – Alfonso X (the Wise) allies himself with Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Abd al-Haqq, ruler of the Marinid Sultanate, who crosses the straits, and establishes a camp at Zahara de la Sierra, in southern Spain. Alfonso offers the Castilian royal crown of his father and grandfathers as a pledge of re-payment of a loan. Out of pity, Abu Yusuf gives him 100,000 gold dinars.[4]
  • August – Castilian forces under Sancho lay siege to Badajoz, who eventually retreat as the combined armies of Alfonso X (the Wise) relieve the city. Shortly after, Alfonso marches to Córdoba and demands the key of the city. This is refused by Diego López V de Haro, speaking on behalf of the magnates. Meanwhile, the Marinids plunder the Guadalquivir valley.
  • August 30 – Peter III (the Great) traveling with his fleet on a military expedition against Tunis, ends up in the Sicilian town of Trapani, after he was asked by the inhabitants of Palermo to help in the fight against Charles I.[5]
  • September 4 – Peter III (the Great) is proclaimed "King of Sicily". Charles is forced to flee across the Strait of Messina, only to be content with the Kingdom of Naples (ruling a part of the Italian Peninsula with Martin IV).[6]
  • September or October – Battle of Lake Hód: Hungarian forces led by King Ladislaus IV successfully repel and defeat an invading Cuman army. Ladislaus receives for his heroic victory the title "the Cuman".[7]
  • November – Castilian forces under Alfonso X (the Wise) reconquer Córdoba. Pope Martin IV issues a papal bull, forcing Sancho and his nobles to proclaim their allegiance to Alfonso. Ending the rebellion.
  • December 27 – King Rudolf I invests his sons, Albert I and Rudolf II, as co-rulers of the duchies of Austria and Styria, and lays the foundation of the House of Habsburg in these territories.[8]
  • Dutch forces led by Floris V, count of Holland, attack and defeat the West Frisians at the battle of Vronen. He succeeds in retrieving the body of his father, William II, some 26 years dead.
  • King Stefan Dragutin breaks his leg while hunting and becomes ill. He abdicates the throne in favor of his younger brother, Stefan Milutin, who becomes ruler of Serbia (until 1321).
  • Peter III (the Great) obtains the support of Nasrid Granada preparing for the incoming Aragonese Crusade, led by Philip the Fair of France.[9]


By topic[edit]



  • The form for the Trial of the Pyx, during which it is confirmed that newly minted coins conform to required standards, is established.
  • The first evidence is discovered of the existence of consolidated public debt in Bruges, confirming the expansion of use of annuities, to fund government expenditure to the Low Countries.[12]







  1. ^ Kleinherz, Christopher (2004). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia, p. 473. Routledge.
  2. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 163. ISBN 978-2-7071-5231-2.
  3. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 82. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  4. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 83. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  5. ^ Chaytor, H.J. (1933). A History of Aragon and Catalonia, p. 103. London: Methuen. ISBN 978-0-404-01479-7.
  6. ^ Harris, Jonathan (2003). Byzantium and the Crusades, p. 180. London: Hambledon. ISBN 978-1-85285-298-6.
  7. ^ Berend, Nora (2001). At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and "Pagans" in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000–c.1300. Cambridge University Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-521-02720-5.
  8. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 149. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  9. ^ Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 295. ISBN 90-04-12951-0. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  10. ^ Morris, Marc (2008). A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, p. 180. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0-09-179684-6.
  11. ^ Prestwich, Michael (1997). Edward I, pp. 191–92 (updated ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07209-0.
  12. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-17565-5.
  13. ^ Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 120. ISBN 9781135131371.