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Year 1283 (MCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- The Hafsid ruler, Ibrahim I, is toppled by a Bedouin rebellion, led by Abd al-Aziz I.
- June 1 – The young Rudolf II, Duke of Austria is forced to yield his claim on the Duchies of Austria and Styria to his elder brother, Albert I of Germany, under the Treaty of Rheinfelden.
- July 8 – Battle of Malta at Valletta: An Angevin fleet, sent to help put down a rebellion on Malta, is defeated by the fleet of Roger of Lauria.
- October 3 – Death by hanging, drawing and quartering is first used as a form of capital punishment (for the newly created crime of high treason) by King Edward I of England, in his execution of Dafydd ap Gruffydd, the last ruler of an independent Wales, at Shrewsbury.
- The first regulated Catalan Courts are reunited by King Peter III of Aragon, for the whole Principality of Catalonia. It becomes one of the first medieval parliaments that bans the royal power to create legislation unilaterally.
- An earthquake destroys two thirds of the cave city of Vardzia, Georgia.
- Construction of Caernarfon Castle, Conwy Castle, and Harlech Castle is begun in Wales by King Edward I of England, as a system of defenses against possible future Welsh uprisings.
- King Philip III of France causes a mass migration of Jews, when he outlaws their residence in the small villages and rural localities of France.
- Daniel of Moscow unites the west side of Russia, which ends the Kievan Rus' after 301 years, and begins the Grand Duchy of Moscow (the Mongol occupation will end in some areas as late as 1440).
Arts and culture
- The Saxon city of Goslar starts making efforts to redeem its already issued annuities, a sure indication of financial difficulty, and maybe an early sign of the 13th century crisis.
- ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 161. ISBN 978-2-7071-5231-2.
- ^ Place, Robert M. (2004). Buddha Tarot. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 56.
- ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.