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This article is about the year 1283. For the number, see 1283 (number).
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1250s 1260s 1270s – 1280s – 1290s 1300s 1310s|
|Years:||1280 1281 1282 – 1283 – 1284 1285 1286|
|1283 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1283 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2036|
|English Regnal year||11 Edw. 1 – 12 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)
3979 or 3919
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
3980 or 3920
|- Vikram Samvat||1339–1340|
|- Shaka Samvat||1205–1206|
|- Kali Yuga||4384–4385|
|Japanese calendar||Kōan 6
|Minguo calendar||629 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1825–1826|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1283.|
- September 22 – First Mongol invasion of Burma opens. The fort at Ngasaunggyan is besieged and falls to the invaders on December 3.
- King Ram Khamhaeng of the Sukhothai Kingdom creates the Thai alphabet, according to tradition.
- Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty invades the Khmer Empire of present-day Cambodia; King Jayavarman VIII decides to pay tribute rather than fight the invasion, buying peace and preserving the empire.
- Construction on the northern section of the Grand Canal of China is completed.
- The city of Guiyang is founded in Yuan dynasty China.
- June 1 – The young Rudolf II, Duke of Austria is forced to yield his claim on the Duchies of Austria and Styria to his elder brother, Albert I of Germany, under the Treaty of Rheinfelden.
- July 8 – At the naval Battle of Malta at Valletta, an Angevin fleet sent to help put down a rebellion on Malta is defeated by the fleet of Roger of Lauria.
- October 3 – Death by hanging, drawing and quartering is first used as a form of capital punishment (for the newly created crime of high treason) by King Edward I of England in his execution of Dafydd ap Gruffydd, the last ruler of an independent Wales, at Shrewsbury.
- The first regulated Catalan Courts were reunited by the king Peter III of Aragon for the whole Principality of Catalonia. It became in one of the first medieval parliaments that banned the royal power to create legislation unilaterally.
- An earthquake destroys two thirds of the cave city of Vardzia, Georgia.
- Construction of Caernarfon Castle, Conwy Castle, and Harlech Castle is begun in Wales by King Edward I of England as a system of defenses against possible future Welsh uprisings.
- King Philip III of France causes a mass migration of Jews when he outlaws their residence in the small villages and rural localities of France.
- Daniel of Moscow unites the west side of Russia, which ends the Kievan Rus' after 301 years and begins the Grand Duchy of Moscow (the Mongolian occupation ended in some areas as late as 1440).
Arts and culture
- The E. codex of the Cantigas de Santa Maria, a collection of Portuguese musical manuscripts, is dated to between 1280 and 1283.
- The Libro de los juegos, an early European treatise on board games (including chess, dice, and a version of backgammon), is commissioned by King Alfonso X of Castile between 1251 and 1283.
- approx. date – Ramon Llull writes Blanquerna, the first major work of literature written in Catalan, and perhaps the first European novel.
- The Saxon city of Goslar starts making efforts to redeem its already issued annuities, a sure indication of financial difficulty and maybe an early sign of the 13th century crisis.
- January 9 – Wen Tianxiang, Chinese prime minister (b. 1236; executed)
- April 9 – Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway (b. 1261; childbirth)
- October 3 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Wales (executed)
- December 15 – Philip I, Latin Emperor (b. 1243)
- date unknown – Piotr of Bogoria and Skotnik, Polish nobleman
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 161. ISBN 978-2-7071-5231-2.
- Place, Robert M. (2004). Buddha Tarot. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 56.
- Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.