1280s in England
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Events from the 1280s in England.
Monarch – Edward I
- 25 April – the last independent Welsh stronghold, Castell y Bere, falls to the English.
- 28 June – a parliament of England summoned to assemble at Shrewsbury Abbey to decide the fate of the captured Dafydd ap Gruffydd is the first to include commoners.
- 3 October – the last ruler of an independent Wales, Prince Dafydd ap Gruffydd, is executed in Shrewsbury, the first prominent person in history to be hanged, drawn and quartered (for the newly created crime of high treason).
- 5 November – an official of Exeter Cathedral, Walter Lechlade, is murdered in its close in a conspiracy ordered by the Dean, John Pycot, and the city's mayor, Alured de Porta.
- The writ of Circumspecte Agatis establishes which issues may be tried in ecclesiastical courts.
- Easter – enactment of the second Statute of Westminster, defining inheritance laws, and containing the clause de donis conditionalibus.
- September – Statute of Winchester introduces new measures against crime (including the Hue and cry) and re-defines the right to bear arms.
- February – South England flood, affecting the Cinque Ports: A storm surge destroys the town of Old Winchelsea on Romney Marsh and nearby Broomhill. The course of the nearby River Rother is diverted away from New Romney, which is almost destroyed, ending its role as a port, with the Rother running instead to the sea at Rye, whose prospects as a port are enhanced. A cliff collapses at Hastings, ending its role as a trade harbour and demolishing part of Hastings Castle. New Winchelsea is established on higher ground.
- 8 June – rebellion in south Wales by Rhys ap Maredudd begins.
- 14 December – St. Lucia's flood: a North Sea storm surge devastates the Norfolk coast and The Fens; Spalding and Boston in Lincolnshire are badly affected.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 90–91. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 148–150. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Trial of the Pyx, The Royal Mint website". Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- Bellamy, J. G. (1970). The Law of Treason in England in the Later Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-07830-X.
- "A short history of Exeter Cathedral". Exeter Memories. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
- Text of the 1280s in England as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk. retrieved on 3 December 2007
- Simons, Paul (2008). Since Records Began. London: Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-728463-4.
- Wheeler M.Inst.C.E, William Henry (1896). A History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire, being a description of the rivers Witham and Welland and their estuary, and an account of the Reclamation, Drainage, and Enclosure of the fens adjacent thereto. (2nd ed.). J.M. Newcombe (Boston), Simpkin, Marshall & Co. (London). p. 27. doi:10.1680/ahotfosl2e.50358.