128 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
128 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar128 BC
Ab urbe condita626
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 196
- PharaohPtolemy VIII Physcon, 18
Ancient Greek era163rd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4623
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−720
Berber calendar823
Buddhist calendar417
Burmese calendar−765
Byzantine calendar5381–5382
Chinese calendar壬子年 (Water Rat)
2569 or 2509
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
2570 or 2510
Coptic calendar−411 – −410
Discordian calendar1039
Ethiopian calendar−135 – −134
Hebrew calendar3633–3634
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−71 – −70
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2973–2974
Holocene calendar9873
Iranian calendar749 BP – 748 BP
Islamic calendar772 BH – 771 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2206
Minguo calendar2039 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1595
Seleucid era184/185 AG
Thai solar calendar415–416
Tibetan calendar阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
−1 or −382 or −1154
    — to —
(female Water-Ox)
0 or −381 or −1153

Year 128 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Octavius and Rufus (or, less frequently, year 626 Ab urbe condita) and the First Year of Yuanshuo. The denomination 128 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Cn. Octavius and T. Annius Rufus are this year's consuls




  • In response to Han incursions, in 128 or 127 the Xiongnu invade northern China. They kill the governor of Liaoxi, defeat the governor of Yuyang, carry off 2000 of the inhabitants of Liaoxi and Yuyang and defeat the Han general Han Anguo. Han Anguo and his cavalry force are surrounded in their camp, but the arrival of relief forces coming from Yan causes the Xiongnu army to withdraw. The Xiongnu also invade Yanmen and kill or carry off 1000 people.[1][2]
  • The Han general Wei Qing, with an army of 30,000 cavalrymen, defeats a Xiongnu army north of Yanmen. The Han general Li Xi attacks the Xiongnu further to the east, riding out of Dai Prefecture.[3]
  • Having spent a year in Greater Yuezhi, the Han diplomat Zhang Qian begins his return journey to China, having failed to persuade Yuezhi's king to form an alliance against the Xiongnu. Passing by the Pamir, Kunlun, Altun and Qilian Mountains, he and his retinue are then captured by the Xiongnu and taken into custody.[4]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]




  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 139–140. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  2. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Xiongnu, Section: Wei Qing & Huo Qubing.
  3. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 140. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  4. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 146. ISBN 978-1628944167.