128th Mountain Brigade (Ukraine)

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128th Mountain Brigade
(2016–present)

128th Guards Mountain Brigade
(2013–2016)


128th Guards Mechanized Brigade
(2004–2013)


128th Guards Mechanized Division
(1992–2004)


128th Guards Motor Rifle Division
(1957–1991)


128th Guards Mountain Rifle Division
(1943–1957)


83rd Mountain Rifle Division
(1935–1943)


1st Turkmenistan Rifle Division
(1922–1935)
Ukrainian: 128-ма окрема гвардійська гірсько-піхотна Закарпатська бригада
128 ОГПБр.png
128th Mountain Brigade shoulder sleeve patch
Active 12 July 1922–present
Country  Soviet Union
(Jul 1922–Jan 1992)
 Ukraine
(Jan 1992–present)
Branch ‹The template Ukrainian ground forces branch is being considered for deletion.› Emblem of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.svg Ground Forces
Type ‹The template Ukrainian mechanized infantry type is being considered for deletion.› Емблема механізованих військ (2007).png Mechanized Infantry
Role Mountain infantry
Size Brigade
Part of Operation Command West
Garrison/HQ Mukachevo[1]
MUN А1778
Motto(s) "For Ukraine, for it's freedom."
Anniversaries July 12
Engagements World War II
War in Donbas[2]
Decorations Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner (2) (removed)
Battle honours ‹The template GuardsUnitUkraine is being considered for deletion.› Guards unit Guards (removed)
Turkestan (removed)
Zakarpattia
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Serhiy Shaptala
Notable
commanders
Sergiy Tumoshkov (1st Commander)
Insignia
Banner of the Brigade (before 2013) 128bp.png

The 128th Mountain Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.

The full title of the brigade is 128th Separate Mountain Zakarpattia Brigade, (Ukrainian: 128-ма окрема гірсько-піхотна Закарпатська бригада).[3]

History[edit]

The 128th Mechanized Division was first formed within the then USSR's Red Army as the 1st Turkmenistan Rifle Division on July 12, 1922, in the city of Poltoratsk (now Ashgabat, Turkmenistan). (Other sources give the original name as the 1st Turkmenistan Mountain Division).[4] It was a Turkmen national formation. Sergiy Tumoshkov became the division's first commander. The division was renamed 83rd Mountain Rifle Division on July 1, 1935.[5] On June 22, 1941, the 83rd Mountain Rifle Division was part of 58th Rifle Corps, Central Asia Military District.[6] Between 1 September and 1 October 1941 the division was assigned to the 53rd Army, still located within the Central Asia Military District.[7] By January 1942 the division, still with 58th Rifle Corps, had been dispatched to Iran as part of the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.

From January 1, 1943, the division fought near the area of Krasnodar where it was assigned to the 56th Army. After successfully liberating the region of Kuban and the Taman Peninsula, the division was awarded the Guards designation on October 8, 1943, and renamed as the 128th Guards Turkmenistan Rifle Division.[1]

On April 24, 1944, for participation in the battles for Crimea, the division was awarded its first Order of the Red Banner. During the month of August, the division participated in battles for Carpathian Mountains. The division liberated Zakarpattya and on October 12, 1944, crossed the border with Czechoslovakia. Units of the division liberated Ostrava, Olomouc and other cities.[1]

Postwar, the division was stationed in Mukacheve and became part of the 38th Army. During October and November 1956, it took part in Operation Whirlwind, the crushing of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. The division captured Debrecen and Szolnok and Jászberény. Advancing westward, it participated in the storming of Budapest. On 15 December 1956, the division became the 128th Guards Motor Rifle Division at Esztergom. In July 1958, the division was moved back to Mukacheve. In 1968, the division participated in Operation Danube, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. During the operation, eleven soldiers of the division were killed.[8] In May 1976, it was given the title "named for Marshal of the Soviet Union A.A. Grechko". In December 1979, its 149th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment was transferred to the 201st Motor Rifle Division and replaced by the newly activated 487th Motor Rifle Regiment. On May 8, 1985, the division was awarded its second Order of the Red Banner in honor of the 40th anniversary of Victory Day.[9] In January 1992, the division was taken over by Ukraine.[10]

On 31 December 1992, in Decree 642/92, the President of Ukraine promoted the commander of the 128th Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Carpathian Military District, Colonel Vyacheslav Zabolotny, to Major-General.[11]

In accordance with a decree of 23 August 1998, Colonel Oleksandr Maslenchuk – commander of the 128th Mechanised Division of the 38th Army Corps of the Western Operational Command; was promoted to major-general.[12]

On May 27, 2000, the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, General of the Army Oleksandr Kuzmuk presented the division with its Battle Banner, and read the Order of the President of Ukraine awarding the division the honorable name "Zakarpattia".[9]

In 2002 the division was under 38th Army Corps.[13] After 38th Army Corps was disbanded, the division became part of 13th Corps.

On June 18, 2004, the 128th Guards Motor Rifle Division was reorganized into a brigade by the order of Minister of Defense.[9]

In 2013, the brigade became the 128th Mountain Brigade.

In 2014–15 the brigade fought in the War in Donbass, taking part in the Battle of Debaltseve. For his leadership in the Battle of Debaltseve, brigade commander Colonel Serhiy Shaptala was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine.

The brigade has a training ground near the city of Vynohradiv.

On 18 November 2015, the brigade's honorifics "Turkestan twice Red Banner" were removed as part of an Armed Forces-wide removal of Soviet awards and honorifics.[14] The "Zakarpattia" battle honour, awarded for the liberation of the area in 1945, through, remained. On 22 August 2016, its Guards title was also removed.[15]

Structure[edit]

  • 21st Mechanized Battalion – Mukacheve
  • 36th Mechanized Battalion – Mukacheve
  • 15th Mountain Mechanized Battalion – Uzhhorod
  • 16th Tank Battalion – Uzhhorod
  • 17th Artillery Battery – Vynohradiv
  • 10th Anti-air rocket Battery – Mukacheve
  • 150th Signal Battalion – Mukhacheve
  • 891st Logistic Support Battalion – Mukacheve
  • 65th Recon Company – Mukacheve
  • 28th Company EW – Mukacheve

Division Order of Battle[edit]

  • 128-ма механізована дивізія.jpg Divisional Command and Staff, Uzhhorod
  • 315-й механізований полк.png 315th Mechanized Regiment, Berehove
  • 327-й механізований полк.png 327th Mechanized Regiment, Uzhhorod
  • 820-й механізований полк.png 820th Mechanized Regiment, Mukacheve
  • 398-й танковий полк.PNG 398th Armor Regiment Uzhorod, Uzhhorod
  • 331-й артилерійський полк.png 331st Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment, Perechyn
  • 757th Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion, Svaliava
  • 253rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment, Svaliava
  • 47-й розвідувальний батальйон.jpg 47th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion

The 327th Mechanized Regiment[16] was reorganized to form the 15th Mountain Infantry Battalion, which became the first Mountain Infantry formation in the current Ukrainian Ground Forces.

Former Commanders[edit]

  • Sergiy Tumoshkov – July 12, 1922 –
  • Colonel Viacheslav Hryhorovych Zabolotnyi – 1992 - 1993[17]
  • Major General Genadiy Vorobyov – 2001 - 2002[18]
  • Colonel Sergiy Viktorovych Goroshnikov – 2002 – 2003
  • Vasyl Koka – 2004[19]
  • Colonel Viktor Ganushchak – 2007 –
  • Colonel Sergiy Olexandrovych Shaptala - 2014–present

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Zakarpattia regional gov article". Zak-rada.gov.ua. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  2. ^ (in Ukrainian) In a night battle in the Luhansk region killed 15 soldiers, the fate of another 13 unknown, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 June 2014)
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of Ukraine №646/2015". President.gov.ua. 2015-11-18. 
  4. ^ "128-I Turkestan Krasnoznamennaya Guards Rifle Division". Rkka.ru. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  5. ^ А. Г. Ленский, Сухопутные силы РККА в предвоенные годы. Справочник. — Санкт-Петербург Б&К, 2000
  6. ^ Orbat.com/Niehorster, Central Asia Military District, 22 June 1941, accessed October 2011
  7. ^ BSSA via tashv.nm.ru
  8. ^ "Легендарные части нашей Армии: 128-я Мукачевская горно-пехотная бригада" [Legendary part of our Army: 128th Mukachevo mountain infantry brigade]. www.depo.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  9. ^ a b c "MoD news article". Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  10. ^ Holm, Michael. "128th Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  11. ^ "Про присвоєння військових звань | від 31.12.1992 № 642/92". zakon4.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  12. ^ http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/925/98
  13. ^ "128th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)". svitua.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. 
  14. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №646/2015" [Ukaz President of Ukraine No. 646/2015] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №344/2016" [Ukaz of the President of Ukraine No. 344/2016] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  16. ^ John Pike. "Ground Forces – Ukraine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  17. ^ "Про присвоєння військових звань| вiд 31.12.1992 № 642/92". Zakon.rada.gov.ua. 1992-12-31. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  18. ^ "Новини Управління Прес-служби МО". Mil.gov.ua. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  19. ^ "— Мукачево: "Прощавай, зброє!" — горячие новости". Ua-reporter.com. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  20. ^ "Про присвоєння почесного найменування "Закарпатська" 12...| вiд 10.01.2000 № 11/2000". Zakon1.rada.gov.ua. 2000-10-30. Retrieved 2012-06-07.