1290 Chihli earthquake

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1290 Chihli earthquake
1290 Chihli earthquake is located in China
1290 Chihli earthquake
Local dateSeptember 27, 1290 (1290-09-27)
Magnitude6.8 Ms
Epicenter41°30′N 119°18′E / 41.5°N 119.3°E / 41.5; 119.3Coordinates: 41°30′N 119°18′E / 41.5°N 119.3°E / 41.5; 119.3[1]
Areas affectedYuan dynasty
Total damageSevere[1]
Max. intensityIX (Violent)[1]

The 1290 Chihli earthquake occurred on 27 September with an epicenter near Ningcheng, Zhongshu Sheng (Zhili or Chihli), Yuan Empire. This region is today administered as part of Inner Mongolia, China. The earthquake had an estimated surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum felt intensity of IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale. One estimate places the death toll at 7,270, while another has it at 100,000.


The earthquake destroyed 480 storehouses and countless houses in Ningcheng. Changping, Hejian, Renqiu, Xiongxian, Baoding, Yixian and Baixiang County were also affected.[1] It severely damaged the Fengguo Temple in Yixian.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Significant Earthquake Information". National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): NCEI/WDS Global Significant Earthquake Database. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  2. ^ Steinhardt, N.S. (1997). Liao Architecture. University of Hawaii Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-8248-1843-2.