Twelve Metal Colossi
|Dates of Conquered States|
The Twelve Metal Colossi (Chinese:十二金人) were twelve metal statues cast after 221 BCE by the order of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. After defeating the other six Warring States during Qin's wars of unification, Qin Shi Huang had their weapons collected and melted them down to be recast as bells and statues. Particularly noteworthy among them were twelve human statues, each said to have weighed a thousand dan (picul).
Near the end of the Han dynasty, around 190 CE, Dong Zhuo melted down nine of the statues along with other metal items and recast them into coins to finance a personal castle in Mei County near Chang'an. All copper cash became devalued since the new coins did not weigh the same, had no defined edge, or stated value.
- Portal 2007, p. 129.
- 收天下兵，聚之咸阳，销以为钟镣，金人十二，各重千石，置廷宫中. Records of the Grand Historian (translation: collect the weapons of tianxia, to amass them to Xianyang, melt them to cast 12 colossus, each weighing a thousand dan, and put them in the palace)
- de Crespigny, Rafe (2017). Fire over Luoyang: A History of the Later Han Dynasty 23-220 AD. Leiden: Brill. p. 463. ISBN 9789004324916.
- Portal, Jane (2007), The First Emperor: China's Terracotta Army, Harvard University Press
|This sculpture article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|