12 Songs (Randy Newman album)
|Studio album by|
|Randy Newman chronology|
12 Songs is the second album by American singer-songwriter Randy Newman, released in April 1970 by Reprise Records. It features a swampy style of roots music with introspective, satirical songwriting. "Have You Seen My Baby?", the album's only single, was released in May.
When 12 Songs was first released, it was well received and has since garnered retrospective acclaim from critics such as Robert Christgau and Rolling Stone, both of whom cite it as one of the best albums of all time.
Music and lyrics
According to Q magazine, 12 Songs demonstrated Newman's eccentric mix of traditional pop song structures and his sardonic, satirical humor. AllMusic's Mark Deming said although his sense of humor seemed more caustic than on his self-titled debut album, Newman's "most mordant character studies" on 12 Songs "boast a recognizable humanity, which often make his subjects both pitiable and all the more loathsome." In the opinion of Robert Christgau, American songwriting in general is often "banal, prolix, and virtually solipsistic when it wants to be honest, merely banal when it doesn't", but Newman's truisms on the album are "always concise, never confessional", and unique:
"Speaking through recognizable American grotesques, he comments here on the generation gap (doomed), incendiary violence (fucked up but sexy), male and female (he identifies with the males, most of whom are losers and weirdos), racism (he's against it, but he knows its seductive power), and alienation (he's for it). Newman's music counterposes his indolent drawl—the voice of a Jewish kid from L.A. who grew up on Fats Domino—against an array of instrumental settings that on this record range from rock to bottleneck to various shades of jazz. And because his lyrics abjure metaphor and his music recalls commonplaces without repeating them, he can get away with the kind of calculated effects that destroy more straightforward meaning-mongers."
|Christgau's Record Guide||A+|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Great Rock Discography||8/10|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|The Village Voice||A+|
12 Songs received positive reviews from contemporary critics. According to Keith Phipps from The A.V. Club, Newman "began to gather a following beyond critics and fellow songwriters" with the album. Rolling Stone magazine's Bruce Grimes gave it a rave review when it was released, hailing the album as "the full emergence of a leading innovator in rock and roll". In The Village Voice, Christgau called it the best record of 1970, finding the songwriting, production, and performances superior and "more accessible than the great-but-weird album that preceded it".
Years later in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Christgau called 12 Songs "a perfect album". Deming later said it was Newman's "first great album, and ... still one of his finest moments on record." Yahoo! Music's Dave DiMartino observed some of Newman's "best-known earlier material" on the album, which he felt featured "a stellar trio of guitarists, including Ry Cooder, Clarence White and (Beau Brummels) Ron Elliott." Mojo commended Newman for replacing "the orchestra with an Americana rock rhythm section", while writing that "the more conventional presentation found Newman a college audience attuned to his wry singularity".
In 2003, 12 Songs was ranked number 354 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, and at 356 in a 2012 revised list. Rob Sheffield, writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), cited it as the moment "where Newman got loose as a rock & roller, ditching the complex orchestrations for a bluesy, easy-swinging satire of America".
All songs written by Randy Newman except where noted.
- "Have You Seen My Baby?" – 2:32
- "Let's Burn Down the Cornfield" – 3:03
- "Mama Told Me Not to Come" – 2:12
- "Suzanne" – 3:15
- "Lover's Prayer" – 1:55
- "Lucinda" – 2:40
- "Underneath the Harlem Moon" (Mack Gordon, Harry Revel) – 1:52
- "Yellow Man" – 2:19
- "Old Kentucky Home" – 2:40
- "Rosemary" – 2:08
- "If You Need Oil" – 3:00
- "Uncle Bob's Midnight Blues" – 2:15
- Randy Newman – vocals, piano
- Clarence White – lead guitar, B-Bender electric guitar
- Ron Elliott – rhythm guitar
- Ry Cooder – slide guitar
- Dee Murray – bass guitar
- Lyle Ritz – bass guitar, double bass
- Jim Gordon, Gene Parsons – drums
- Roy Harte, Milt Holland – percussion
- Al McKibbon – double bass
- Lenny Waronker – producer
- Jack Nitzsche - co-producer on "Let's Burn Down the Cornfield"
- Doug Botnick – engineer
- Lee Herschberg – engineer
- Ed Thrasher - artwork
- Tony Newman - cover photography
- Perone 2012, p. 57.
- Strong 2004, pp. 1077–78.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Randy Newman, '12 Songs'". Rolling Stone. Jann S. Wenner. November 2003. Archived from the original on 2010-08-29. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- "Grade List: A+". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
- "Review: 12 Songs". Q. London: Bauer Media Group: 125. 2000.
- Deming, Mark. "12 Songs - Randy Newman". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the '70s. Da Capo Press. p. 277. ISBN 0306804093.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: N". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 8, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Larkin 2006, p. 186.
- "12 Songs". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on 2015-09-22. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
- NME. London: IPC Media: 42. February 14, 2000.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
- Sheffield et al. 2004, p. 581.
- Christgau, Robert (April 23, 1970). "Consumer Guide (9)". The Village Voice. New York: VV Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
- Phipps, Keith (October 8, 2003). "Randy Newman". The A.V. Club. Chicago. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- Grimes, Bruce (April 16, 1970). "12 Songs". Rolling Stone. Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc. (55): 46. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- DiMartino, Dave. "Randy Newman Reviews". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 2012-09-03. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
- "Review: 12 Songs". Mojo. London: Bauer Media Group: 116. March 2000.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
- Larkin, Colin, ed. (2006). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Indexes, Volume 10 (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- Perone, James E. (October 31, 2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313379068.
- Sheffield, Rob; et al. (2004). Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Completely Revised and Updated 4th Edition. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Strong, Martin C. (October 21, 2004). The Great Rock Discography: Complete Discographies Listing Every Track Recorded by More Than 1,200 Artists (7th ed.). Canongate U.S. ISBN 1841956155.
- Courrier, Kevin (2005). "A Life Behind the Mask". Randy Newman's American Dreams. ECW Press. pp. 98–112. ISBN 1550226908. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- Willis, Ellen (2011). "The Sixties Child". Out of the Vinyl Deeps: Ellen Willis on Rock Music. U of Minnesota Press. pp. 104–06. ISBN 0816672822. Retrieved September 3, 2016.