12 Squadron SAAF
A 12 Squadron Canberra T.4 in February 1982
|Branch||South African Air Force|
|Engagements||World War II
South African Border War
|Squadron Identification Code||VL 1942|
|12 Squadron Insignia|
12 Squadron was a South African Air Force squadron that served in World War II in East Africa and the Western Desert as a medium bomber squadron. After the war, the squadron was used in various roles, including that of a helicopter squadron until 1963 when it was equipped with Canberra light bombers – remaining a light bomber and reconnaissance squadron until disbanded in 1990.
12 Squadron was formed in December 1939. On 16 June 1940 it flew the first SAAF bombing raid against Italian forces in Abysinna when it attacked the town of Moyale using Junkers Ju 86 bombers. 12 Squadron later saw combat during the Second Battle of El Alamein operating Boston light bombers. Following the end of the war in Europe the squadron flew South African personnel home until it was disbanded.
The squadron was re-formed in late 1963 to operate English Electric Canberra bombers. It was the only SAAF squadron equipped with Canberras, and they were used as both tactical bombers and high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. The squadron saw combat over Angola during the South African Border War, and remained active with these aircraft in 1981. 12 Squadron was disbanded in 1990.
Two ex-12 Squadron Canberras have been preserved by the SAAF.
|Aircraft flown by 12 Squadron
Note: Aircraft type photographs may not necessarily represent aircraft of the same mark or actual aircraft belonging to the Squadron.
- Flintham, Vic (2003). Combat Codes. Barnesly: Pen & Sword Aviation. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-84415-691-7.
- Wingrin, Dean. "12 Squadron". The Unofficial Website on the South African Air Force. Dean Wingrin. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- Potgieter (1970), p. 264
- Macdonald, J.F. (1945). "Chapter II – The Story of 237 Squadron". Lion with tusk guardant. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia: The Rhodesian Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 23.
- Latimer (2002), p. 292
- Potgieter and Steenkamp (1981), p. 68
- Steyn, Leon. "SAAF Museum News: What happened to the Canberra?". SAAF News. South African Air Force. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- Lord (2008), pp. 70, 101, 139, 172
- Latimer, Jon (2002). Alamein. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01016-7.
- Lord, Dick (2008). Vlamgat : The Story of the Mirage F1 in the South African Air Force. Johannesburg, South Africa: 30° South Publishers. ISBN 1-920143-36-X.
- Potgieter, D,J. (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Volume 1. NASOU.
- Potgieter, Herman & Steenkamp, Willem (1981). Aircraft of the South African Air Force (2nd ed.). Cape Town: C. Struik. ISBN 0-86977-133-7.
- Media related to 12 Squadron SAAF at Wikimedia Commons