12 points of the Hungarian Revolutionaries of 1848
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On the morning of March 15, 1848, revolutionaries marched around the city of Pest, reading Sándor Petőfi's Nemzeti dal (National Song) and the 12 points to the crowd (which swelled to thousands). Declaring an end to all forms of censorship, they visited the printing presses of Landerer and Heckenast and printed Petőfi's poem together with the demands. A mass demonstration was held in front of the newly built National Museum, after which the group left for the Buda Chancellery (the Office of the Governor-General) on the other bank of the Danube. When the crowd rallied in front of the Imperial Governing Council, the representatives of Emperor Ferdinand agreed to sign the 12 points.
The 12 points
What the Hungarian nation wants.
Let there be peace, liberty, and concord.
- We demand the freedom of the press, the abolition of censorship.
- Independent Hungarian government in Buda-Pest.
- Annual national assembly in Pest.
- Civil and religious equality before the law.
- National army.
- Equal distribution of [tax] burdens.
- Abolition of socage [land tenure].
- Juries and courts based on an equal legal representation.
- A national bank.
- The army must take an oath on the Constitution, send our soldiers home and take foreign soldiers away.
- Setting free the political prisoners.
- Union [with Transylvania].