12th Amurskaya Rifle Division

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12th Amurskaya Rifle Division
Active 5 October 1923 – 1945
Country Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Type Rifle (infantry) Division
Engagements Soviet-Japanese War, Soviet invasion of Manchuria

The 12th Rifle Division was a military formation of the Red Army which participated in combat operations during World War II. It was formed 5 October 1923 in Omsk (order the troops of the West Siberian MD № 563). On 18 February 1924, it was given the name of the Siberian Revolutionary Committee. It was part of the Western Siberian Military District from its formation until 1924. From 1924 until 1934 it was part of the Siberian Military District. It then joined the 18th Rifle Corps of the Special Far Eastern Army, with which it served from 1934 to 1938. In 1938 it was reassigned to the 2nd Red Banner Army. It took part in active fighting from 9 August 1945 to 5 September 1945.

At the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, it was stationed in the Blagoveshchensk area, and did not participate in the fighting on the Eastern Front of World War II. On 9 August 1945 it participated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, crossing the River Amur and Ussuri, and capturing several cities in China, defeating Kwantung Army. Destroy large Maolantun sky site of resistance.

On 14 September 1945, it was given the honorific 'Amur,' and thus its full name became '12th Rifle Division behalf of Amur Siberian Revolutionary Committee.'

It became 12th Motor Rifle Division 1957, and was then moved to Mongolia.[1] In 1988 it was part of the 39th Army in Mongolia. It had its headquarters in Боганур/Boganur, the 365th Tank Regiment at Бурундур, and the 189th, 523rd (Ulan-Bator), and 592nd Motor Rifle Regiments. It then became a base for storage of weapons and equipment in the Transbaikal Military District in 1990.

Units - 1945[edit]

  • 57th Rifle Regiment
  • 192nd Rifle Regiment
  • 214th Amur Order of the Red Zvezdy Rifle Regiment
  • 7th Hingan Artillery Regiment
  • 238th Howitzer artillery Regiment
  • 482nd Self-propelled Artillery Battalion
  • 96th separate Anti-tank Battalion
  • 29th Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 34th separate Engineer Battalion
  • 80th separate battalion
  • 616th medico-sanitary battalion
  • 3rd separate chemical protection company
  • 8th repair and replacement company
  • 301st Motor Transport Battalion
  • 54th (424th) trucking company
  • 57th (13th), field bread house
  • 158th Divisional veterinarians' hospital
  • 128th Field Postal Station
  • 2nd (268th) Field ticket office of the State Bank



  1. ^ Source Feskov et al., 2004, inc p.64

External links[edit]