71st Group Army
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|71st Group Army|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Allegiance||Communist Party of China|
|Part of||Eastern Theater Command Ground Force|
It was disbanded and redesignated in mid 2017 as the 71st Group Army.
In December 1950, the 12th Army entered the Korean War. The People's Republic of China's (PRC) 31st Division of the 11th Army was incorporated into the 12th Army. The 11th Army returned to China in 1954.
In 1985, the 12th Army was re-formed as a Group Army. It was incorporated into the "60 June 179" division. The re-organization also involved the 2nd Tank Division and an artillery brigade.
In May 1989, the 12th Army's 34th, 36th and 110th Divisions, Artillery Brigade, and Anti-Aircraft Battalion were deployed to Beijing to enforce martial law and suppress the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
In 1998, the first 34th division of the 12th Army was re-deployed as a motorised infantry brigade (divorced from the 2nd tank division). The 35th division was moved to the Jiangsu military region. At a later stage, the 36th and the 179th divisions were motorised.
In 2002 Blasko wrote that the army comprised the:
- 35th Infantry Division (People's Republic of China), east Anhui
- 36th Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)
- 179th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China) ("Linfen Brigade") (83123 Unit) Nanjing, Jiangsu
- an unidentified motorized infantry brigade
- 2nd Armored Division (People's Republic of China) (83567 Unit) Xuzhou, Jiangsu
- Artillery Brigade
- Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade
The army was disbanded in 2017 and replaced by the new 71st Group Army.
- Staff (2000–2012). "Nanjing Military Region Nanjing Military Area Command". GlobalSecurity.org. GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "PLA Orbat reform update (Jun 2017)". china-defense.blogspot.co.nz. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- In accordance with the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on 1 November 1948.
- Sohu (2 November 2005). 军旅采风. laobing.com (in Chinese). laobing.com, Yingpu. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- Based on Wu Renhua's study. (Chinese)Wu Renhua, "进京的戒严部队和进京路线" 《1989天安门事件二十周年祭》系列之十二 Accessed 29 June 2013
- Dennis J. Blasko. "PLA Ground Forces: Moving Toward a Smaller, More Rapidly Deployable, Modern Combined Arms Force" The People's Liberation Army as Organization: Reference Volume v1.0, James C. Mulvenon and Andrew N. D. Yang eds. (Santa Monico: RAND; 2002), 334.