12th Indian Infantry Brigade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the First World War formation, see 12th Indian Brigade.
12th Indian Infantry Brigade
Active pre-1939 – 15 February 1942
Country British Raj British India
Allegiance  British Empire
Branch British Raj Red Ensign.svg British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Part of Malaya Command
III Corps (India)
Engagements

Second World War

Malayan Campaign
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lieutenant Colonel Ian MacAlister Stewart

The 12th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade at the outbreak of the Indian Army during World War II. It was sent to Singapore in August 1939 and took part in the Malayan Campaign before going into captivity with the Fall of Singapore in February 1942.

History[edit]

The 12th Indian Infantry Brigade was one of the regular units based in Malaya before the Japanese invasion in December 1941. During the Battle of Malaya which ended with the surrender of a British Army at Singapore in February 1942, the 12th Brigade performed better than most units. One of its units, 2nd Bn, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, was considered to be the best jungle fighters at the time and the Argylls' commander, Lt.Col. Ian Stewart, one of the better leaders during the campaign. The brigade were among the first troops to face the Japanese when they landed on 7 December 1941 (See Japanese Invasion of Malaya).

While the rest of the British and Indian forces were thrown in disarray by the rapid encircling and flanking attacks of the Japanese, the 12th Brigade under Brigadier Archie Paris, was able to inflict casualties and slow down the Japanese forces during the fighting in Northern Malaya.

Order of battle[edit]

December 1941[edit]

Battle of Slim River[edit]

  • 5th Battalion, 2nd Punjab Regiment
  • 4th Battalion, 19th Hyderabad Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
  • 5th Battalion, 14th Punjab Regiment
  • 15th Field Company S&M
  • 137th Field Regiment RA

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kempton, Chris (2003b). 'Loyalty & Honour', The Indian Army September 1939 – August 1947. Part II Brigades. Milton Keynes: The Military Press. ISBN 0-85420-238-2. 

External links[edit]