12th Infantry Division (Pakistan)
|12th Infantry Division|
|Role||Infantry, though supporting, artillery and armour elements are attached|
|Size||30,000+ men (though this may vary as units are rotated)|
|Part of||X Corps (Pakistan)|
|Headquarters||Murree, Punjab (Pakistan)|
|Colors||Green & Gold|
|Engagements||Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
War on terror
|General Officer Commanding||Major-General Faheem Ul Aziz|
|Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
Gen. Akhtar Abdur Rahman
Gen. Yahya Khan
Lt.Gen. Attiqur Rahman
Lt.Gen. Akhtar Hussain Malik
Maj-Gen Mohammad Akbar Khan
Lt.Gen. Ghulam Muhammad Malik
Lt.Gen. Khalid Nawaz Khan
Lt.Gen. Shahid Aziz
Lt.Gen. Zaheer ul-Islam
Lt.Gen. Waseem Ahmad Ashraf
Lt.Gen. Maqsood Ahmad
The division was formed in 1948, from troops allocated to Pakistan from the old British Indian Army. It was the first division sized formation to be created by the Pakistan Army (the three prior ones, 7th (Golden Arrow), 8th and 10th infantry divisions predated Pakistan).
1948 Kashmir War
The division went into combat against the Indian army in Kashmir. A notable action was the recapturing of Skardu from the Indian forces, accomplished with help from tribesmen from the tribal areas.
1965 Indo-Pakistani War
In between the wars the division was active on the ceasefire line, where fighting broke out on several occasions. In 1965 the division undertook Operation Grand Slam, whereby under the command of 7th Infantry Division, it attacked and captured Chamb, and then moved on and captured territory beyond the river Tawi, ending up in a position 6 km ahead of Jammu. Although its performance was greatly lauded at the time, its commander Maj-Gen Akhtar Hussain Malik was privately criticized by General Ayub Khan, for abandoning several posts in Kashmir which were then taken by the Indian forces, and for losing the strategically vital Hajir Pir Pass (this would not be retaken until after the ceasefire).
1971 Bangladeshi War
Six years later, the division went into action again, this time in Poonch-Ranjouri sector. Despite being outnumbered by Indian forces, the formation managed to advance nearly 50 km, all the way to Ranjouri. Unfortunately dogged Indian resistance meant that it was unable to capture Poonch itself. During the war, it was commanded by Maj-Gen Mohammad Akbar Khan.
Since 1971, the formation had been deployed on the Line of Control, dividing the Indian and Pakistani-administered Kashmir, where sporadic fights break out with Indian forces, and occasionally full fledged actions develop. In 1991, the division defeated an Indian incursion into the Neelum Valley.
- Global Security Website.
- Pakistan Army; A History, by Brian Cloughly.