12th Manitoba Dragoons

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12th Manitoba Dragoons
XII Manitoba Dragoons cap badge
BranchCanadian Army
TypeLine cavalry
RoleArmoured reconnaissance
Part ofSupplementary Order of Battle
Garrison/HQVirden, Manitoba
Motto(s)Ubique honor et equis (Latin for 'Everywhere honour and by horse')
March"Colonel Bogey"
Battle honoursSee #Battle honours

The 12th Manitoba Dragoons is an armoured regiment of the Canadian Army that is currently on the Supplementary Order of Battle.[1][2][3][4]


12th Manitoba Dragoons[edit]

  • Originated 1 July 1903 in Brandon, Manitoba, as the 12th "Manitoba Dragoons".[5]
  • Amalgamated 31 January 1935 with The Border Horse, retaining its designation as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons.
  • Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 12th (Reserve) Manitoba Dragoons.
  • Redesignated 1 April 1946 as the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Dragoons), RCAC.
  • Redesignated 4 February 1949 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons, (18th Armoured Car Regiment).
  • Redesignated 1 October 1954 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons (18th Armoured Regiment).
  • Redesignated 19 May 1958 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons.
  • 31 December 1964 reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle.[3][6]

The Border Horse[edit]

  • Originated 1 April 1908 in Estevan, Saskatchewan, as the 20th Mounted Rifles.
  • Redesignated 1 March 1910 as the 20th Border Horse.[5]
  • Redesignated 15 March 1920 as The Border Horse.
  • Amalgamated 31 January 1935 with the 12th Manitoba Dragoons.[6][7]

Lineage chart[edit]

Lineage chart[8]
1885Winnipeg Bn of Infy[a]
1885Removed from active service
188695th "Winnipeg Bn of Infy"
188695th Bn Manitoba Grenadiers
1892Disbanded into independent coys
1901Independent sqns of CMR
190312th "Manitoba Dragoons"
190820th Mounted Rifles
191020th Border Horse
191432nd Bn, CEF6th Bn, CEF
191532nd Reserve Bn, CEFAbsorbed by Remount Depot and Canadian Cavy Depot
1917Absorbed by 15th Reserve Bn
19202nd Regt,[b] 12th Manitoba Dragoons1st Regt, 12th Manitoba Dragoons1st Regt, The Border Horse2nd Regt,[b] The Border Horse
19291st Regt (32nd Bn, CEF), 12th Manitoba Dragoons
1932Perpetuates 95th BnPerpetuates 95th Bn1st Regt (6th Bn, CEF), The Border Horse
19351st Regt (6th Bn, CEF), 12th Manitoba DragoonsDisbanded
1936Disbanded12th Manitoba Dragoons
194012th (Reserve) Manitoba Dragoons
194118th (Manitoba) Recce Bn, CAC, CASF
194218th (Manitoba) Armd Car Regt, CAC, CASF
194218th Armd Car Regt (12th Manitoba Dragoons), CAC, CASF
194518th Armd Car Regt (12th Manitoba Dragoons), RCAC, CASF
1946Disbanded18th Armd Car Regt (12th Dragoons), RCAC
194912th Manitoba Dragoons (18th Armd Car Regt)
195412th Manitoba Dragoons (18th Armd Regt)
195812th Manitoba Dragoons
1964Supplementary Order of Battle


North-West Rebellion, 1885[edit]

The Great War[edit]

Operational history[edit]

North West Rebellion[edit]

The 95th Battalion Manitoba Grenadiers was mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885, when "a Battalion at Winnipeg" was authorized to be formed. The battalion served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force and was removed from active service on 18 September 1885. The battalion was retained on the Non-Permanent Active Militia order of battle.[2][6][9]

South African War[edit]

During the Boer War, The Manitoba Dragoons contributed volunteers for the Canadian contingents in the field.[2][3][6][9]

The Great War[edit]

During the Great War, the Regiment raised two battalions for the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

The 6th Battalion (Fort Garry Horse), CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914, and embarked for Britain on 29 September 1914. It formed the nucleus of the Remount Depot on 20 January 1915, and the remainder of the battalion's personnel were absorbed by the Canadian Cavalry Depot, CEF, on 6 March 1915 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 5 April 1918.[6] The battalion recruited in Portage la Prairie, Roblin, Pipestone and Winnipeg, Manitoba, Lloydminster, Saskatchewan and Pincher Creek, Alberta, and was mobilized at Camp Valcartier, Quebec. The 6th Battalion was awarded the battle honour "THE GREAT WAR 1914-15." The 6th Battalion was commanded by Lt.-Col. J.G. Rattray[11]

The 32nd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 3 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 23 February 1915. It was redesignated the 32nd Reserve Battalion, CEF, on 18 April 1915 and on 4 January 1917 its personnel were absorbed by the 15th Reserve Battalion, CEF, to provide reinforcements for Canadian Corps units in the field.[6] The battalion recruited in Manitoba and Saskatchewan and was mobilized at Winnipeg.[11]

The 32nd Battalion had three officers commanding:

  • Lt.-Col. H.J. Cowan, 7 March 1915 – 15 September 1915
  • Lt.-Col. C.D. MacPherson, 15 September 1915 – 1 August 1916
  • Lt.-Col. F.J. Clarke, 2 August 1915 – 2 January 1917[11]

The battalion was awarded the battle honour "THE GREAT WAR 1915-17."[11]

The Second World War[edit]

During the Second World War the Regiment mobilized the 18th (Manitoba) Reconnaissance Battalion, CAC, CASF, for active service on 10 May 1941. It was redesignated the 18th (Manitoba) Armoured Car Regiment, CAC, CASF, on 26 January 1942; the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Manitoba Dragoons), CAC, CASF, on 16 December 1942; and 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Manitoba Dragoons), RCAC, CASF on 2 August 1945. It embarked for Great Britain on 19 August 1942. On 8 and 9 July 1944 it landed in Normandy, France as a unit attached directly to II Canadian Corps, where it fought in North-West Europe until the end of the war.[2][6]


The active unit was disbanded on 31 January 1946. The militia regiment was re-activated and was designated the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Dragoons), RCAC on 1 April 1946. The regiment was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 31 December 1964.[12]


12th Manitoba Dragoons (01 July, 1903)[edit]

  • Regimental Headquarters (Brandon, Manitoba)
  • A Squadron (Virden, Manitoba) (first raised 10 April 1885 as No. 2 Company, Winnipeg Battalion of Infantry; later reorganized as B Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles)
  • B Squadron (Souris, Manitoba) (first raised 4 January 1889 as No. 6 Company, 91st Battalion Manitoba Light Infantry; later reorganized as C Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles)
  • C Squadron (Portage la Prairie, Manitoba) (first raised 1 June 1901 as D Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles)
  • D Squadron (Minnedosa, Manitoba) (first raised 1 June 1901 as E Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles)
  • E Squadron (Brandon, Manitoba) (first raised 1 June 1901 as F Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles)[2][4]

12th Manitoba Dragoons (31 January 1935)[edit]

  • Regimental Headquarters (Virden, Manitoba)
  • A Squadron (Virden, Manitoba)
  • B Squadron (Souris, Manitoba)
  • C Squadron (Minnedosa, Manitoba)[4]

12th Manitoba Dragoons (1964)[edit]

  • Regimental Headquarters (Virden, Manitoba)
  • A Squadron (Minnedosa, Manitoba)
  • B Squadron (Virden, Manitoba)
  • C Squadron (Neepawa, Manitoba)
  • D Squadron (Shoal Lake, Manitoba) (disbanded in 1954)[13]


Battle honours[edit]

In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Those battle honours followed by a "+" are selected for emblazonment on the regimental guidon.[2]

North West Rebellion
  • North West Canada, 1885 26 March-12 May 1885
South African War
  • South Africa, 1900
The Great War
  • Ypres, 1915 22 April-25 May 1915+
  • Festubert, 1915 15–25 May 1915+
  • Mount Sorrel 2–13 June 1916
  • Somme, 1916, '18 1 July-18 November 1916 and 21 March-5 April 1918+
  • Cambrai, 1917 20 November 1917 – 3 December 1917+
  • Amiens 8–11 August 1918+
  • Hindenburg Line 12 September-9 October 1918+
  • Pursuit to Mons 28 September-11 November 1918+
The Second World War
  • Falaise 7–22 August 1944+
  • Falaise Road 7–9 August 1944
  • The Laison 14–17 August 1944
  • Chambois 18–22 August 1944
  • The Rhineland 8 February-10 March 1945+
  • Bad Zwischenahn 23 April-4 May 1945
  • North-West Europe, 1944–1945+[6]

Cadet corps[edit]

2528 Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps is the only organization that perpetuates the name and insignia of the regiment. The cadet corps formed October 19, 1954, as the Virden Collegiate Cadet Corps affiliated to and using the insignia of the 12th Manitoba Dragoons. When the regiment disbanded the corps affiliation changed to that of the 71st Field Battery and shortly after the 26th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery. Branch Number 8 of Royal Canadian Legion became sponsor of the corps May 26, 1975, and housed the unit on its premises. October 3, 1994, the corps resumed its original affiliation and was renamed the XII Manitoba Dragoons Cadet Corps. The corps continues to parade in the Virden Legion Hall and is composed of youth from many surrounding communities.

Photo gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mobilized for active service
  2. ^ a b Reserve order of battle


  1. ^ "Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia (Infantry, Cavalry, Armored)" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Defence, National (2018-11-29). "12th Manitoba Dragoons". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  3. ^ a b c d "12th Manitoba Dragoons". www.canadiansoldiers.com. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  4. ^ a b c d "12th Manitoba Dragoons [Canada]". 2007-10-14. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  5. ^ a b Luscombe, Stephen. "Canadian Cavalry". www.britishempire.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-12-12.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. ^ "20th Border Horse". www.canadiansoldiers.com. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  8. ^ "12th Manitoba Dragoons". www.canada.ca. 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2023-07-03.
  9. ^ a b c "The Manitoba Dragoons". www.canadiansoldiers.com. Retrieved 2022-07-30.
  10. ^ Defence, National (2018-02-16). "Perpetuations". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-07-31.
  11. ^ a b c d Over the Top!: Canadian Infantry in the First World War, John F. Meek 1971, Orangeville, Ontario, ISBN 0906158109
  12. ^ "12th Manitoba Dragoons". Canadian Army History and Heritage Official Lineages. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  13. ^ Morris, David (1983). The Canadian Militia. Erin, Ontario: The Boston Mills Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-919822-51-7.


  • Regimental History of the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (XII Manitoba Dragoons) by C. E. Henry (1945)

External links[edit]