12th Manitoba Dragoons
|12th Manitoba Dragoons|
XII Manitoba Dragoons Cap Badge
|Active||1903 - 1964|
|Branch||Primary Reserve (Militia)|
|Part of||Royal Canadian Armoured Corps|
|Motto||"Ubique Honor et Equis"
(Everywhere Honour and by Horse)
12th Manitoba Dragoons
- Originated 1 July 1903 in Brandon, Manitoba, as the 12th "Manitoba Dragoons"
- Amalgamated 31 January 1935 with The Border Horse, retaining its designation as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons
- Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 12th (Reserve) Manitoba Dragoons
- Redesignated 1 April 1946 as the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Dragoons), RCAC
- Redesignated 4 February 1949 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons, (18th Armoured Car Regiment)
- Redesignated 1 October 1954 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons (18th Armoured Regiment)
- Redesignated 19 May 1958 as the 12th Manitoba Dragoons
- 31 December 1964 reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle
The Border Horse
- Originated 1 April 1908 in Estevan, Saskatchewan, as the 20th Mounted Rifles
- Redesignated 1 March 1910 as the 20th Border Horse
- Redesignated 15 March 1920 as The Border Horse
- Amalgamated 31 January 1935 with the 12th Manitoba Dragoons.
Lineage of the 12th Manitoba Dragoons:
- 95th Battalion, Manitoba Grenadiers (North-West Rebellion, 1885)
- 6th Battalion (Fort Garrys), CEF
- 32nd Battalion, CEF
North West Rebellion
The 95th Battalion Manitoba Grenadiers was mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885, when "a Battalion at Winnipeg" was authorized to be formed. The battalion served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force and was removed from active service on 18 September 1885. The battalion was retained on the Non-Permanent Active Militia order of battle.
South African War
The Manitoba Dragoons contributed volunteers for the Canadian contingents in the field.
The Great War
During the Great War, the Regiment raised two battalions for the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
The 6th Battalion (Fort Garry Horse), CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914, and embarked for Britain on 29 September 1914. It formed the nucleus of the Remount Depot on 20 January 1915, and the remainder of the battalion's personnel were absorbed by the Canadian Cavalry Depot, CEF, on 6 March 1915 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 5 April 1918. The battalion recruited in Portage la Prairie, Roblin, Pipestone and Winnipeg, Manitoba, Lloydminster, Saskatchewan and Pincher Creek, Alberta, and was mobilized at Camp Valcartier, Quebec. The 6th Battalion was awarded the battle honour "THE GREAT WAR 1914-15." The 6th Battalion was commanded by Lt.-Col. J.G. Rattray
The 32nd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 3 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 23 February 1915. It was redesignated the 32nd Reserve Battalion, CEF, on 18 April 1915 and on 4 January 1917 its personnel were absorbed by the 15th Reserve Battalion, CEF, to provide reinforcements for Canadian Corps units in the field. The battalion recruited in Manitoba and Saskatchewan and was mobilized at Winnipeg.
The 32nd Battalion had three officers commanding:
- Lt.-Col. H.J. Cowan, 7 March 1915 – 15 September 1915
- Lt.-Col. C.D. MacPherson, 15 September 1915 – 1 August 1916
- Lt.-Col. F.J. Clarke, 2 August 1915 – 2 January 1917
The battalion was awarded the battle honour "THE GREAT WAR 1915-17."
The Second World War
During the Second World War the Regiment mobilized the 18th (Manitoba) Reconnaissance Battalion, CAC, CASF, for active service on 10 May 1941. It was redesignated the 18th (Manitoba) Armoured Car Regiment, CAC, CASF, on 26 January 1942; the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Manitoba Dragoons), CAC, CASF, on 16 December 1942; and 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Manitoba Dragoons), RCAC, CASF on 2 August 1945. It embarked for the Great Britain on 19 August 1942. On 8 and 9 July 1944 it landed in Normandy, France as a unit attached directly to II Canadian Corps, where it fought in North-West Europe until the end of the war.
In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Those battle honours followed by a "+" are emblazoned on the regimental guidon.
- North West Rebellion
- North West Canada, 1885 26 March-12 May 1885
- South African War
- South Africa, 1900
- The Great War
- Ypres, 1915 22 April-25 May 1915+
- Festubert, 1915 15–25 May 1915+
- Mount Sorrel 2–13 June 1916
- Somme, 1916, '18 1 July-18 November 1916 and 21 March-5 April 1918+
- Cambrai, 1917 20 November 1917 – 3 December 1917+
- Amiens 8–11 August 1918+
- Hindenburg Line 12 September-9 October 1918+
- Pursuit to Mons 28 September-11 November 1918+
- The Second World War
2528 Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps is the only organization that perpetuates the name and insignia of the regiment. The cadet corps formed October 19, 1954, as the Virden Collegiate Cadet Corps affiliated to and using the insignia of the 12th Manitoba Dragoons. When the regiment disbanded the corps affiliation changed to that of the 71st Field Battery and shortly after the 26th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery. Branch Number 8 of Royal Canadian Legion became sponsor of the corps May 26, 1975, and housed the unit on its premises. October 3, 1994, the corps resumed its original affiliation and was renamed the XII Manitoba Dragoons Cadet Corps. The corps continues to parade in the Virden Legion Hall and is composed of youth from many surrounding communities.
Memorial Stained Glass window, 2770 LCol KL Jefferson is wearing a pre-1914 brass spiked helmet of the 12th Manitoba Dragoons, Royal Military College of Canada
- Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
- "12th Manitoba Dragoons". Official Lineages Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Over the Top!: Canadian Infantry in the First World War, John F. Meek 1971, Orangeville, Ontario, ISBN 0906158109
- Regimental History of the 18th Armored Car Regiment (XII Manitoba Dragoons) by C. E. Henry (1945)