12th Space Warning Squadron
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|12th Space Warning Squadron|
12th Space Warning Squadron emblem
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||AFSPC/14 AF/21st Space Wing|
|Garrison/HQ||Thule AB, Greenland|
|Motto(s)||TOP OF THE WORLD|
The 12th Space Warning Squadron (12 SWS) is a United States Air Force ground based radar used for missile warning, missile defense and space situation awareness, stationed at Thule Air Base, Greenland.
The primary mission of the 12th SWS is to provide critical, real-time missile warning, defense and space surveillance to the President of the United States, Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, NORAD, and unified commands by operating a phased-array radar—which continuously provides warning of Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) and Intercontinental ballistic missile attacks against North America—and detect, track, and identify earth-orbiting objects in support of USSTRATCOM’s space control mission, thus "knitting a blanket of freedom".
To accomplish its mission, the squadron operates the solid-state phased-array radar located at the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (BMEWS), Site I. The BMEWS site is located approximately 11 miles northwest of Thule AB . It provides early warning detection of intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launches from the Russian land mass and submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) launches from the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans against North America. Additionally, BMEWS keeps track of polar orbiting satellites. The operational crews report through the Missile Warning Center to the NORAD/USNORTHCOM Center.
The Operation Support Flight (DOO) provides direct operational support to the missile warning crews. The flight's Operations Training Section (DOT) provides all crew force initial, recurring, and supplemental training. Other flight responsibilities include hardware, software and maintenance support (MA), operational test and evaluation (DOV), and crew force management (DOU).
|June 2016||Present||Lt Col David L. Ransom|
|June 2015||June 2016||Lt Col Marc A. Brock|
|June 2014||June 2015||Lt Col Jason Resley|
|11 Jul 2013||June 2014||Lt Col Kelly S. Easler|
|21 Jun 2012||11 Jul 2013||Lt Col Gregory G. Karahalis|
|16 Jun 2011||21 Jun 2012||Lt Col Christopher S. Putman|
|3 Jun 2010||16 Jun 2011||Lt Col Jeffrey Van Sanford|
|Feb 2010||3 Jun 2010||Lt Col Kimberly Damalas (Appointed)|
|26 Jun 2009||Feb 2010||Lt Col James Oldenburg|
|Jun 2008||26 Jun 2009||Lt Col David O. Meteyer|
|Jun 2007||Jun 2008||Lt Col James Forand|
|Jun 2006||Jun 2007||Lt Col Timothy Lincoln|
|Jun 2005||Jun 2006||Lt Col Scott Peel|
|Jun 2004||Jun 2005||Lt Col Franklin "Joey" Hinson, Jr|
|Jun 2003||Jun 2004||Lt Col Thomas Doyne|
|Jun 2002||Jun 2003||Lt Col Shawn Barnes|
The 12th SWS was formed in January 1967 as a successor organization to the Air Defense Command 931st Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, which was inactivated at the end of 1965. The 931st AC&WS operated a series of Ground-Control Intercept (GCI) radar sites in Greenland to detect intrusion of unknown aircraft. The squadron relayed information to the 64th NORAD Region Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system DC-31 Direction Center, and interceptor squadrons stationed at Thule Air Base.
With the development of ICBM and SLBM technologies, the mission to monitor aircraft coming over the horizon from the Soviet Union was transferred to other units, and the 931st AC&WS at Thule AB was inactivated.
- Activated as 12th Missile Warning Squadron, 1 January 1967
- Re-designated 12th Missile Warning Group, 31 March 1977
- Re-designated 12th Missile Warning Squadron, 15 June 1983
- Re-designated 12th Missile Warning Group, 1 October 1989
- Re-designated 12th Space Warning Squadron, 15 May 1992-Present
- 71st Missile Warning Wing, 1 January 1967
- Fourteenth Aerospace Force, 30 April 1971
- 21st Air Division, 1 October 1975
- Aerospace Defense Command (ADCOM), 1 October 1979
- Strategic Air Command, 1 December 1979
- 1st Space Wing (AFSC), 1 May 1993
- 21st Operations Group, 15 May 1992 – Present
- A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.