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12th century BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC. The Late Bronze Age collapse in the ancient Near East and eastern Mediterranean is often considered to begin in this century.[1]


Walls of the excavated city of Troy, supposed center of the legendary Trojan War

Inventions, discoveries, introductions


Sovereign states


See: List of sovereign states in the 12th century BC


  1. ^ Bungart, Victoria. "Timeline: 12th Century". Oxford Reference. HistoryWorld. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  2. ^ Cline, Eric. 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed [video], 2016, 1h10'17. See 5'41 for the invasion of the Sea People in the 8th yr of Ramses III's reign; 6'19 for the incertitude on the dates; 4'30 for the start of the Late Bronze Age collapse "on either side of 1200 BC".
  3. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Eclipse Predictions". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  4. ^ Harding, Phillip (2006). The story of Athens. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-30447-9. OCLC 1100435996.
  5. ^ It is now kept at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.