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|130 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||883|
|Balinese saka calendar||51–52|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)|
2826 or 2766
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
2827 or 2767
|Coptic calendar||−154 – −153|
|- Vikram Samvat||186–187|
|- Shaka Samvat||51–52|
|- Kali Yuga||3230–3231|
|Iranian calendar||492 BP – 491 BP|
|Islamic calendar||507 BH – 506 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1782 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||441/442 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||672–673|
256 or −125 or −897
— to —
257 or −124 or −896
Year 130 (CXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Catullinus and Aper (or, less frequently, year 883 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 130 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- A law is passed in Rome banning the execution of slaves without a trial.
- The Temple of Olympian Zeus is completed at Athens.
- Emperor Hadrian visits the cities Petra and Gerasa (Jerash).
- A Triumphal Arch for Hadrian is built in Gerasa.
- Canopus, Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, Italy, is started to be built.
- Huviska becomes king of the Kushan Empire in India.
- The Scythian king Rudradaman I reconquers from the Andhra the lands annexed by Gautamiputra.
Arts and sciences
- Claudius Ptolemaeus tabulates angles of refraction for several media.
- The Antinous Mondragone is sculpted.
- c. 130–138 – Hadrian Hunting Boar and Sacrificing to Apollo, sculptural reliefs on the Arch of Constantine, Rome, are made.
- c. 130–138 – Antinous, from Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli, Italy, is made. It is now kept at Museo Gregoriano Egizio, Rome.
- December 15 – Lucius Verus, Roman co-emperor (d. 169)
- Aulus Gellius, Latin author and grammarian (d. after 180 AD)
- St. Irenaeus (approximate date) (d. 202)
- Avidius Cassius, Roman general and usurper (d. 175)
- Juvenal, satirist
- Carpocrates, religious philosopher
- Antinous, lover of the emperor Hadrian (b. 111)
- Marinus of Tyre, cartographer