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|1300 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1300 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2053|
|Balinese saka calendar||1221–1222|
|English Regnal year||28 Edw. 1 – 29 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3996 or 3936
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3997 or 3937
|- Vikram Samvat||1356–1357|
|- Shaka Samvat||1221–1222|
|- Kali Yuga||4400–4401|
|Japanese calendar||Shōan 2
|Minguo calendar||612 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1842–1843|
1426 or 1045 or 273
— to —
1427 or 1046 or 274
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1300.|
- February 22 – The Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII is celebrated. It is at this celebration that Giovanni Villani decides to write his universal history of Florence, the Cronica.
- June 15 – The city of Bilbao receives a royal foundation charter.
- Money from Florence, Italy becomes the first international currency.
- Philip IV of France begins his attempt to annex Flanders.
- Wenceslas II of Bohemia becomes King of Poland.
- A census in Imperial China finds that it has roughly 60 million inhabitants.
- The Tuareg establish a state centered on Agadez.
- Amsterdam is officially declared a city.
- Jacob ben Machir is appointed dean of the medical school at Montpellier, France.
- Aztec culture starts in Mesoamerica (approximate date).
- The Dulcinian sect begins when Gherardo Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren, is burned at the stake in Parma, during a brutal repression of the Apostolics.
- June 1 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
- September 27 – Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (d. 1327)
- date unknown
- John III, Duke of Brabant (d. 1355)
- Jean Buridan, French philosopher and religious skeptic (d. 1358)
- Khutughtu Khan, Emperor Mingzong of Yuan, emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (d. 1329)
- Jeanne de Clisson, French noblewoman and privateer (d. 1359)
- Chihab Addine Abul-Abbas Ahmad ben Fadhl Al-Umari, Arab historian (d. 1384)
- Robert, Count of Burgundy (d. 1315)
- Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Italian Augustinian monk (d. 1342)
- Geoffroi de Charny, French knight and chivalric writer (d. 1356)
- Richard FitzRalph, Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1360)
- Taddeo Gaddi, Italian painter and architect (d. 1366)
- Ibn Kathir, Syrian Islamic scholar (d. 1373)
- Laurence Minot, English poet (d. 1352)
- John of Winterthur, Swiss historian
- February 19 – Munio of Zamora, Spanish General of the Dominican Order
- July 18 – Gerard Segarelli, Italian founder of the Apostolic Brethren (burned at stake)
- September – Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall (approximate date; b. 1249)
- December – Jean de Montfort-Castres, Count of Squillace
- date unknown
- Guido Cavalcanti, Italian poet (b. 1250)
- Tsar Chaka, Mongol ruler of Bulgaria
- Berengaria of Castile, Lady of Guadalajara, Spanish ruler (b. 1253)
- Tran Hung Dao, Vietnamese general
- Jacob van Maerlant, Flemish poet
- Jeanne de Montfort de Chambéon, Swiss ruler (b. 1250)
- William of Nangis, French chronicler
- March 25 (April 2 in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Good Friday) – The date of Dante's journey as the protagonist in his own epic poem, The Divine Comedy. Beginning with the Inferno, he made many cultural references to his time.
- Till Eulenspiegel is said to have been born in this year.