1304

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1304 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1304
MCCCIV
Ab urbe condita2057
Armenian calendar753
ԹՎ ՉԾԳ
Assyrian calendar6054
Balinese saka calendar1225–1226
Bengali calendar711
Berber calendar2254
English Regnal year32 Edw. 1 – 33 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1848
Burmese calendar666
Byzantine calendar6812–6813
Chinese calendar癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4000 or 3940
    — to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4001 or 3941
Coptic calendar1020–1021
Discordian calendar2470
Ethiopian calendar1296–1297
Hebrew calendar5064–5065
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1360–1361
 - Shaka Samvat1225–1226
 - Kali Yuga4404–4405
Holocene calendar11304
Igbo calendar304–305
Iranian calendar682–683
Islamic calendar703–704
Japanese calendarKagen 2
(嘉元2年)
Javanese calendar1215–1216
Julian calendar1304
MCCCIV
Korean calendar3637
Minguo calendar608 before ROC
民前608年
Nanakshahi calendar−164
Thai solar calendar1846–1847
Tibetan calendar阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1430 or 1049 or 277
    — to —
阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1431 or 1050 or 278
Portrait of Michael IX (1277–1320)
Map of the Battle of Skafida (1304)

Year 1304 (MCCCIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Battle of Skafida: Emperor Michael IX (Palaiologos) sends a Byzantine expeditionary force (some 10,000 men) to halt the expansion of the Bulgarians in Thrace. The two armies meet near Sozopol on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. During the battle, the Bulgarian army led by Tsar Theodore Svetoslav is defeated and routed. The Byzantines, infatuated with the chase of the retreating enemy, crowd on a bridge – which possibly is sabotaged, and break down. The Bulgarians capture many Byzantine soldiers and some nobles are held for ransom. Svetoslav secures his territorial gains and stabilizes himself as the sole ruler of the Bulgarian Empire (until 1322).[1]
  • The Byzantines lose the island of Chios, in the Aegean Sea, to the Genoese under Admiral Benedetto I Zaccaria. He establishes an autonomous lordship and justifies the act to the Byzantine court as necessary to prevent the island from being captured by Turkish pirates. Benedetto is granted the island as a fief for a period of 10 years.[2][3]
  • December – Roger de Flor, Italian nobleman and adventurer, settle with the Catalan Company in Gallipoli and other towns in the southern part of Thrace and visits Constantinople to demands pay for his forces. He lives at the expense of the local population and uses the city as a base for his marauding raids in the surrounding area.[4]

Europe[edit]

England[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andreev, Y.; M. Lalkov (1996). The Bulgarian Khans and Tsars (in Bulgarian). Veliko Tarnovo Abagar. ISBN 954-427-216-X.
  2. ^ Miller, William (1921). "The Zaccaria of Phocaea and Chios (1275-1329)". Essays on the Latin Orient, pp. 287–289. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 457893641.
  3. ^ Nicol, Donald M. (1993). The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453, p. 113. (Second ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43991-6.
  4. ^ Burns, R. Ignatius (1954). "The Catalan Company and the European Powers, 1305–1311", p. 752. Speculum, Vol. 29 (4). University of Chicago Press.
  5. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 120. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  6. ^ Verbruggen J. F. (2002). The Battle of the Golden Spurs: Courtrai, 11 July 1302, pp. 202–203. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-888-9.
  7. ^ Fegley, Randall (2002). The GGolden Spurs of Kortrijk: How the Knights of France Fell to the Foot Soldiers of Flanders in 1302, p. 105. McFarland & Co. ISBN 0786480548.
  8. ^ Schor, J. (1871). History of Venice From the Beginning Down to the Present Time, pp. 64–65. Colombo Coen.
  9. ^ Armstrong, Pete (2003). Osprey: Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–1298, p. 87. ISBN 1-84176-510-4.
  10. ^ The Oxford companion to Scottish history. Oxford University Press. February 24, 2011. p. 334. ISBN 9780199693054.
  11. ^ Armstrong, Pete (2003). Osprey: Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–1298, p. 87. ISBN 1-84176-510-4.
  12. ^ Foss, Clive (1979). Ephesus After Antiquity: A Late Antique, Byzantine, and Turkish City. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 144. ISBN 0521220866.
  13. ^ Vernadsky, George (1953). The Mongols and Russia, p. 74. Yale University Press.
  14. ^ Martin, Janet (2007). Medieval Russia, 980–1584, p. 175. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-85916-5.
  15. ^ Peter Jackson (2003). The Delhi Sultanate: A political and Military History, p. 288. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-54329-3.
  16. ^ Satish Chandra (2007). History of Medieval India: 800–1700, p. 103. Orient Longman. ISBN 978-81-250-3226-7.
  17. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 153. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.