|Centuries:||1st century – 2nd century – 3rd century|
|Decades:||100s 110s 120s – 130s – 140s 150s 160s|
|Years:||127 128 129 – 130 – 131 132 133|
Year 130 (CXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Catullinus and Aper (or, less frequently, year 883 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 130 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- A law is passed in Rome banning the execution of slaves without a trial.
- The Temple of Olympian Zeus is completed at Athens.
- Emperor Hadrian visits the cities Petra and Gerasa (Jerash).
- A Triumphal Arch for Hadrian is built in Gerasa.
- Canopus, Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, Italy, is started to be built.
- The Hadrian's Gate in Antalya (Turkey) is constructed, Hadrian visits the city.
- Huviska becomes king of the Kushan Empire in India.
- The Scythian king Rudradaman I reconquers from the Andhra the lands annexed by Gautamiputra.
- Basra becomes the capital of Arabia.
Arts and sciences
- Claudius Ptolemaeus tabulates angles of refraction for several media.
- The Antinous Mondragone is sculpted.
- c. 130–138 – Hadrian Hunting Boar and Sacrificing to Apollo, sculptural reliefs on the Arch of Constantine, Rome, are made.
- c. 130–138 – Antinous, from Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli, Italy, is made. It is now kept at Museo Gregoriano Egizio, Rome.
- December 15 – Lucius Verus, Roman co-emperor (d. 169)
- Aulus Gellius, Latin author and grammarian (d. after 180 AD)
- St. Irenaeus (approximate date) (d. 202)
- Avidius Cassius, Roman general and usurper (d. 175)
- Juvenal, satirist
- Carpocrates, religious philosopher
- Antinous, lover of the emperor Hadrian (b. 111)
- Marinus of Tyre, cartographer