1310s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1312 in England)
|1310s in England:|
|1290s | 1300s | 1310s | 1320s | 1330s|
Events from the 1310s in England.
Monarch - Edward II
- 16 March - King Edward II agrees to the election of a committee of twenty-one barons as "Lord Ordainers" to reform the government.
- October - English army raids southern Scotland, but fails to reach the north.
- The first purpose-built accommodation for students (Mob Quad) completed in Merton College, Oxford.
- 29 July - Remaining Knights Templar in England are dispersed to do penance.
- August - Parliament publishes the ordinances, substituting the Lord Ordainers for the King as the effective government of the country.
- Scottish forces under Robert the Bruce raid Northumberland and burn Corbridge.
- Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster.
- Completion of Lincoln Cathedral.
- January - Edward II moves his court to York and prepares to fight rebellious barons.
- 19 June - Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, leader of rebels, orders the execution of royal favourite Piers Gaveston.
- Scottish forces under Robert the Bruce raid as far as Durham.
- 22 December - Earl of Lancaster and his supporters refuse an offer of pardon from Edward II.
- Walter of Guisborough writes Cronica, a history of England from 1066.
- 13 January - Robert the Bruce expels English troops from Perth, Scotland.
- 20 May - Ordinance of the Staple establishes specific depots through which the English wool trade to Europe must pass.
- 28 May - Thomas Cobham elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 1 October - Pope Clement V dismisses the election of Thomas Cobham to the Archbishopric of Canterbury having been petitioned to do so by King Edward II. Walter Reynolds enthroned as the Archbishop.
- October - Edward II pardons rebellious barons after they publicly apologise.
- Robert the Bruce retakes the Isle of Man from the English.
- 4 April - Exeter College, Oxford founded by Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter.
- May - English forces enter Scotland intending to break the Scottish siege of Stirling Castle.
- 24 June - Battle of Bannockburn: Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeat Edward II of England, securing de facto independence for Scotland. Stirling Castle is surrendered to the Scots, who raid England as far south as Yorkshire.
- June–September - Welsh revolt in Glamorgan.
- Completion of Old St Paul's Cathedral in London.
- Ban on the playing of violent ball games (precursors of football) is instituted and widely ignored.
- February - Earl of Lancaster takes control of administration, removing the last of the King's supporters from the Royal Council.
- 26 May - Opening of Bruce campaign in Ireland by Edward Bruce, partly intended to create a second front in the First War of Scottish Independence against England.
- 25 October - Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw attack Liverpool Castle.
- The Borough of Liverpool, along with Liverpool Castle, is granted to Robert de Holland.
- Widespread famine after heavy rain destroys the harvest; lasts until 1317.
- 28 January - Welsh revolt against English rule in Glamorgan led by Llywelyn Bren breaks out with an attack on Caerphilly Castle.
- February - Earl of Lancaster becomes Chief Councillor to Edward II, who confirms the Ordinances of 1311.
- 18 March - Llywelyn Bren surrenders to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, at Ystradfellte.
- 8 April - Berwick-upon-Tweed is retaken by the Scottish from the English.
- 9 August - Treaty of Leake between Edward II and Earl of Lancaster, agreeing on control of administration.
- 14 October - Anglo-Irish forces defeat a Scots-Irish army at the Battle of Faughart in Ireland. Edward Bruce, brother of Robert the Bruce, is killed in the battle.
- Hugh Despenser the Younger has Llywelyn Bren hanged, drawn and quartered at Cardiff Castle without authority.
- 24 June - Philippa of Hainault, queen of Edward III of England (died 1369)
- 13 November - King Edward III of England (died 1377)
- 20 July - John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot, (died 1367)
- Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England (died 1369)
- Michael 2nd Baron Poynings, Knight (died 1369)
- William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, military leader (died 1360)
- Antony Bek, bishop of Durham (year of birth unknown)
- Henry de Bohun, killed by Robert the Bruce during the Battle of Bannockburn
- Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, killed during English defeat at the Battle of Bannockburn (born 1291)
- Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, killed during English defeat at the Battle of Bannockburn (born 1274)
- 10 August - Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, nobleman (year of birth unknown)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 95–98. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Nicholson, Helen J. (2009). The Knights Templar on Trial: The Trial of the Templars in the British Isles, 1308-11. Stroud: The History Press. pp. 186–7. ISBN 978-0-7509-4681-0.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 155–157. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Brown, Michael (2008). Bannockburn: the Scottish War and the British Isles, 1307-1323. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-3332-6.
- Mac Annaidh, Séamas, ed. (2001). Illustrated Dictionary of Irish History. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. ISBN 0717135365.