|1315 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1315 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2068|
|Balinese saka calendar||1236–1237|
|English Regnal year||8 Edw. 2 – 9 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
4012 or 3805
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4013 or 3806
|- Vikram Samvat||1371–1372|
|- Shaka Samvat||1236–1237|
|- Kali Yuga||4415–4416|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 4|
|Minguo calendar||597 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1857–1858|
1441 or 1060 or 288
— to —
1442 or 1061 or 289
January – March
- January 2 – King Edward II of England buries his friend, the late Piers Gaveston, having secured a papal absolution in one of the last acts of Pope Clement V. The burial takes place somewhere near the King's Langley Priory in Hertfordshire, but the location of the tomb is subsequently forgotten. Gaveston had been excommunicated before he had been executed.
- January 20 – The English Parliament is convened at Lincoln to hear the reading of the Articuli Cleri, the list of grievances against the church in England. The parliament ends on March 9.
- February 12 – Italian sculptor Tino di Camaino is commissioned by the Republic of Pisa to create the statue of the late Enrico VII di Lussemburgo (Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Italy), to be finished in less than six months for the August 24 dedication of Henry's tomb. Camaino delivers the work by July 26. 
- February 15 – John of Argyll reports to King Edward II of England that he and his army have recovered the Isle of Man and expelled the Scottish occupiers. Archibald A. M. Duncan, ed., Acts of Robert I (1306-1329) (Edinburgh University Press, 1988) p.378
- March 4 – (4 Dhu al-Hijjah 714 AH) The Emir of Mecca, Abu al-Ghayth, is defeated in a battle near Mecca by his brother Humaydah ibn Abi Numayy.  Wounded in battle, then captured by the enemy, Abu al-Ghayth is executed by order of his brother at Khayf Bani Shadid.
- March 8 – The Al-Shamah Mosque, in what is now Gaza City in Israel, is completed after being commissioned by the Mamluk Sultanate Governor of Gaza, Sanjar al-Jawli. 
- March 27 – In China, Kunga Lotro Gyaltsen is installed as the Imperial Preceptor of Tibetan Buddhists, by order of the Mongol Emperor Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan
April – June
- April 26 – The Scottish parliament is convened at Ayr, and proclaims Edward Bruce as the legal heir to the throne to succeed if Edward's brother, King Robert the Bruce dies. 
- April 28 – The Mamluk Sultanate army invades the Christian outpost of Malatya in Byzantium, then loots the city. 
- April 30
- Margaret of Burgundy, technically the Queen consort of France as the wife of King Louis X, dies in the Château Gaillard prison after a year of incarceration, due to her 1314 conviction for adultery. Unable to have the marriage nullified because a new Pope had not been installed, King Louis left Margaret imprisoned. 
- Enguerrand de Marigny, who had been the Chief Minister of France during the reign of King Philip IV of France, is hanged at the Gibbet of Montfaucon in Paris, on orders of Philip's successor, King Louis X. "Marigny, Enguerrand de", in Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 17 (Cambridge University Press, 1911) p.718.
- May 9 – In France, Odo IV becomes the new Duke of Burgundy upon the death of his older brother, Hugh V.
- May 26 – King Edward II of England and ships with more than 6,000 troops land on the coast of Ireland at Larne to counter the Scottish invasion of Ireland led by Edward Bruce.
- June 15 – King James II of Aragon is married by proxy to Marie of Lusignan, daughter of King Hugh III of Cyprus at a ceremony attended by King James's representative at Nicosia.
July – September
- July 3 – King Louis X abolishes serfdom in the Kingdom of France. 
- July 6 – In Germany, Henry II, Lord of Mecklenburg is married to Anna of Saxe-Wittenberg , daughter of Albert II, Duke of Saxony. The marriage produces an heir, Albert II, who will become Duke of Mecklenburg in 1348.
- July 22 – Siege of Carlisle: Scottish forces led by King Robert the Bruce besiege Carlisle Castle, but the stronghold holds out, due to a well-conducted defense organized by Andrew Harclay and the siege is abandoned by August 1. 
- July 24 – Otto II, Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben, dies without leaving any heirs, bringing an end to the Principality. His assets are seized by his cousin and creditor, Bishop Albert of Halberstadt.
- July 28 – King Louis X of France issues a charter in allowing expelled Jews to come back to France, but under strict conditions. The French Jews will be allowed to stay in the country for 12 years, after which their right to remain will be reviewed. For identification, Jewish people are required to wear armbands in public, can only live in designated communities and are forbidden from usury. Through this, the Jewish community will depend upon the king for their right to protection. In December, Sultan Ismail I of Granada implements similar rules for the Jews in the Spanish kingdom, directing Jews to wear a yellow badge in public.
- July 31 – King Louis X mobilizes an army along the Flemish border. He prohibits the export of grain and other goods to Flanders – which proves challenging to enforce.  Louis pressures officers of the Church at the borderlands, as well as King Edward II, to support his effort to prevent Spanish merchant vessels from trading with the embargoed Flemish cities.
- August 1 – After a 10-day siege of the Irish stronghold at Carlisle, King Robert of Scotland withdraws on August 1. During the Scots' presence in Cumbria, Scottish forces under James the Black raid Copeland and plunder St. Bees Priory.
- August 10 – As the Great Famine of 1315–1317 spreads through England and much of western Europe, King Edward II witnesses the full extent when he and his entourage stop at St Albans and find bread and other food unavailable. A combination of heavy rains and unseasonably cold weather had led to crop failure when grain could not ripen for harvest, followed by the death of livestock from starvation, and the sharp increase of food prices. 
- August 11 – (12th day of 7th month of 4 Shōwa) Hōjō Mototoki becomes ruler (shogun) and regent (shikken) of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan upon the death of Hōjō Hirotoki.
- August 17 – Ferdinand of Majorca completes the conquest of the Principality of Achaea, one of the crusader states that had been founded in Greece during the Fourth Crusade, by capturing the capital, Andravida.
- August 19 – King Louis X of France, nicknamed "Louis the Quarrelsome", marries the 22-year-old Clementia of Hungary,daughter of Charles Martel of Anjou (titular king of Hungary). He and his second wife are five days later crowned at Reims. Louis becomes the 12th Capetian ruler of France. After his coronation, he passes the throne of the Kingdom of Navarre to his younger brother, who becomes Philip II of Navarre, nicknamed "Philip the Tall".
- August 24 – The coronation of Louis the Quarrelsome as King Louis X of France takes place at Reims, nine months after Louis ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Philip IV.
- August 29 – Battle of Montecatini: The Pisan army (some 20,000 men) led by Uguccione della Faggiuola defeats the allied forces of Florence and Naples. During the battle, Philip I manages to escape, but his son Charles of Taranto (titled the Latin Emperor of Constantinople and his brother Peter Tempesta are killed.
- September 3 – (3 Jumada II 715 AH) Rumaythah ibn Abi Numayy, the former emir of Mecca, arrives at the court of the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, al-Nasir Muhammad in Cairo. He receives pardon from the Sultan and seeks support against the new Emir, Humaydah ibn Abi Numayy, who had killed his brother and predecessor, Abu al-Ghayth. Al-Nasir sends Rumaythah back to Mecca with an Egyptian army. However, six days before the relief army's arrival, Humaydah pillages and burns the castle at Wadi Marr, and destroys 2,000 date palm trees.
- September 10 – The Battle of Connor is fought in County Antrim in Ireland (now part of Northern Ireland) as part of the Bruce campaign in Ireland. Scottish-Irish forces commanded by Edward Bruce, brother of Scotland's King Robert the Bruce, routs the army commanded by "The Red Earl", Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster.  Those earls not captured by the Scottish Army flee to Carrickfergus Castle
October – December
- October 9 – Banastre Rebellion: A group of English knights start an uprising in Lancashire and revenge themselves on Thomas of Lancaster. After the rebellion, Liverpool Castle is granted to Robert de Holland.
- November 15 – Battle of Morgarten: The Swiss defeat Leopold of Austria on the shore of the Ägerisee, ensuring independence for the Swiss Confederation.
- November 17 – The marriage of King James II of Aragon to Marie of Lusignan is performed in person after Marie has traveled to Spain, with the ceremony taking place at Girona.
- December 9 – In Switzerland, the Pact of Brunnen is signed between leaders of the cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden at the city of Brunnen in Schwyz as a mutual defense pact against an invasion by Austria.
- December 13
- Gaston II of Foix-Béarn becomes the new French representative to rule the Co-principality of Andorra after the death of his father, Gaston I.
- (3 Jumada II 715 AH) Rumaythah ibn Abi Numayy arrives at Mecca with an Egyptian Army, led by the emirs Najm al-Din Damurkhan ibn Qaraman and Sayf al-Din Taydamur al-Jamadar, then spends two weeks in making plans to drive out the Emir Humaydah ibn Abi Numayy. They loot Humaydah's castle at al-Khalf wal-Khulayf, plunder the wealth inside and capture his 12-year-old son, but Humaydah himself escapes to Iraq.
- Spring – Great Famine of 1315–1317: A famine and pestilence sweeps over Europe, and exacts so frightful a toll of human life that the phenomenon is to be regarded as one of the most impressive features of the period. It covers almost the whole of Northern Europe; the current territory of Ireland, England, France, Netherlands, Germany and Poland. The adverse weather conditions, the ensuing crop failures, and the sharp rise in food prices cause an acute shortage of food that will last for two years. The famine causes millions of deaths (according to estimates, around 10 to 25% of the urban population dies).
Cities and Towns
- Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from Hangzhou in Mongolian China (approximate date).
- Siegfried II, bishop of Hildesheim, provides Dassel in Lower Saxony, Germany with city rights.
- In the Netherlands, Vlissingen (Anglicized to "Flushing" later) is granted city rights.
- January 20 – Yi Ja-chun, Korean nobleman and general (d. 1361)
- February 22 – Chunghye, Korean crown prince and king (d. 1344)
- April 5 – King James III of Majorca, who will be nicknamed "James the Unfortunate".(d. 1349)
- April 14 – Emir Muhammad IV of Granada, Nasrid ruler (sultan) of the Emirate of Granada, now part of Spain. (d. 1333)
- May 4 – John Segrave, English nobleman and landowner (d. 1353)
- May 20 – Bonne of Luxembourg, queen consort of France (d. 1349)
- date unknown
- Albert IV, German nobleman (House of Ascania) (d. 1343)
- Federico di Pagana, Genoese nobleman and doge (d. 1406)
- The Empress Gi, Chinese concubine and empress consort as wife of Emperor Huizong of the Yuan dynasty (d. 1369)
- James of Piedmont, Italian nobleman (House of Savoy) (d. 1367)
- Joanna of Hainault, French noblewoman and regent (d. 1374)
- Johann Hiltalinger, Swiss bishop, theologian and writer (d. 1392)
- John FitzWalter, English nobleman, knight and landowner (d. 1361)
- Kujō Michinori, Japanese nobleman (kugyō) and regent (d. 1349)
- Louis V, German nobleman, knight, prince and co-ruler (d. 1361)
- Marie de Bourbon, Latin princess (House of Bourbon) (d. 1387)
- Pierre d'Orgemont, French politician and chancellor (d. 1389)
- Raoul II of Brienne, French nobleman and constable (d. 1350)
- Roger Beauchamp, English nobleman and chamberlain (d. 1380)
- January 15 – Gyeguk, Korean queen consort of Goryeo (b. 1285)
- March 10 – Agnes Blannbekin, Austrian mystic and writer (b. 1244)
- April 30
- May 1 – Margaret of Brandenburg, German noblewoman (b. 1270)
- May 9 – Hugh V, French nobleman (House of Burgundy) (b. 1294)
- June 27 – Mieszko I, Polish nobleman and knight (House of Piast)
- July 24 – Otto II, German nobleman and prince (House of Ascania)
- August 12 – Guy de Beauchamp, English nobleman and magnate
- August 18 – Hōjō Hirotoki, Japanese nobleman and regent (b. 1279)
- August 29 – (Killed in the Battle of Montecatini)
- August 31 – Andrea Dotti, Italian nobleman and preacher (b. 1256)
- November 24 – Fulk FitzWarin, English nobleman and landowner
- December 6 – William Greenfield, English rector and archbishop
- December 13 – Gaston I, Occitan nobleman and knight (b. 1287)
- date unknown
- Abu al-Ghayth ibn Abi Numayy, Hasanid ruler of Mecca
- Adolph VI, German nobleman, knight and ruler (b. 1256)
- Esclaramunda of Foix, queen consort of Majorca (b. 1250)
- Henry of Treviso, German hermit, pilgrim and saint (b. 1250)
- Ibn al-Raqqam, Andalusian astronomer and jurist (b. 1250)
- Jean Pitard, French physician, surgeon and writer (b. 1228)
- John I of Chalon-Arlay, French nobleman (House of Chalon-Arlay) (b. 1258)
- Juan Núñez II de Lara, Spanish nobleman (House of Lara) (b. 1276)
- Lanfranc of Milan, Italian cleric, surgeon and writer (b. 1250)
- Lu Zhi, Chinese official, politician, poet and writer (b. 1243)
- Margaret of Villehardouin, Latin noblewoman and princess
- Nichigen, Japanese Buddhist monk and disciple (b. 1262)
- Robert FitzPayne, English nobleman, knight and governor
- Stephen Ákos, Hungarian nobleman and oligarch (b. 1260)
- "Sienese and Pisan Trecento Sculpture", by W. R. Valentiner, in The Art Bulletin (March 1927) p.192
- al-Najm Ibn Fahd, Itḥāf al-wará bi-akhbār Umm al-Qurá, p. 152–153
- Martin Abraham Meyer, History of the City of Gaza: from the earliest times to the present day (Columbia University Press, 1907) p.150
- Sarah Crome, Scotland's First War of Independence (Auch Books, 1999) p.127
- "Malatya", in İslâm Ansiklopedisi, Volume 27 (Türk Diyanet Vakfı', 2003) pp. 468–473
- Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328 (Continuum Books, 2007)
- "Lettres portant que les serfs du Domaine du Roy seront affranchis, moyennant finance, Imprimerie nationale, 3 juillet 1315", in Recueil général des anciennes lois françaises, vol. 3, p. 583
- Armstrong, Pete (2002). Osprey: Bannockburn 1314 – Robert Bruce's Great Victory, p. 86. ISBN 1-85532-609-4.
- McNamee, Colin (2010). Rogers, Clifford J. (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Ttechnology, Volume 1, pp. 127–128. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195334036.
- Jan Gyllenbok, Encyclopaedia of Historical Metrology, Weights, and Measures Volume 2 (Springer, 2018) p.1146
- Robert Chazan, Church, State, and Jews in the Middle Ages (Behrman House, 1979) pp.79–80
- Ulysse R. (1891). Les Signes d'Infamie. Translated by Adler C. and Jacobs J. in the Jewish Encyclopedia: The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia.
- Carl Jacob Kulsrud, Maritime Neutrality to 1780: A History of the Main Principles Governing Neutrality and Belligerency to 1780 (Little, Brown and Company, 1936) p.213
- Jordan, William Chester (2005). Unceasing Strife, Unending Fear: Jacques de Therines and the Freedom of the Church in the Age of the Last Capetians, pp. 151–152. Princeton University Press.
- Armstrong, Pete (2002). Osprey: Bannockburn 1314 – Robert Bruce's great victory, p. 83. ISBN 1-85532-609-4.
- "Edward II: The Great Famine, 1315 to 1317", by Kathryn Warner (2009)
- Routledge Revivals: Medieval France (1995): An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. 2017. p. 568. ISBN 9781351665667.
- Kelly, Samantha (2003). The New Solomon: Robert of Naples (1309–1343) and Fourteenth Century Kingship, p. 228. Brill.
- Art Cosgrove, ed., Art, ed., A New History of Ireland (Oxford University Press, 2008) pp.286–288
- McCrackan, William Denison (1901). The rise of the Swiss republic: a history. H. Holt.
- Jordan, W. C. (1996). The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the early Fourteenth Century, pp. 169–170. Princeton University Press.
- Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim (1978). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century, p. 127. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-40026-6.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, p. 471. Vol III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966386.
- Wilson, Katharina M.; Wilson, M. (1991). An Encyclopedia of Continental Women Writers. Taylor & Francis. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8240-8547-6.