1320s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1300s | 1310s | 1320s | 1330s | 1340s|
Events from the 1320s in England.
- March – Marcher lords seize the lands of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester.
- 28 June – Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster holds an assembly at Sherburn-in-Elmet demanding administrative reforms and denouncing Hugh le Despenser.
- 19 August – Edward II is forced to banish his most loyal baron, Hugh le Despenser, and his son Hugh the younger.
- Construction of the Lady Chapel at Ely Cathedral begins.
- First recorded tower clock in England constructed, at Norwich Cathedral.
- 12/13 February – the central tower of Ely Cathedral collapses.
- 10 March – Battle of Burton Bridge, part of the Despenser War: Edward II drives off rebel forces.
- 16 March – at the Battle of Boroughbridge, Edward II defeats rebellious barons.
- 14 October – First War of Scottish Independence – Battle of Old Byland: Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats English troops near Byland Abbey in North Yorkshire.
- Isabella of France arranges the betrothal of Edward of Windsor to Philippa of Hainault, in return for military support in her planned invasion of England.
- 19 January – Roger Bellers, a Baron of the Exchequer, is murdered by the Folville gang.
- 23 September – an army led by Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer lands in Suffolk.
- 15 October – Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter (a supporter of the king) is murdered by the mob in London. Edward II flees to Gloucester.
- 27 October – Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester, hanged, drawn and quartered at Bristol.
- 16 November – Edward II captured at Neath Abbey.
- 26 November – Hugh Despenser the Younger hanged, drawn and quartered at Hereford.
- Richard of Wallingford constructs a great public clock at St. Albans.
- Probable foundation of Hanley Castle Grammar School in Worcestershire.
- January – outbreak of rioting against monastic establishments in St Albans and Bury St Edmunds; extends to Abingdon in April.
- 20 January – Edward II, incarcerated at Kenilworth Castle, abdicates. This is announced in London on 24 January.
- 25 January – the 14-year-old Edward III is proclaimed King in London in place of his father, Edward II. His mother Isabella and Mortimer rule as regents.
- 1 February – coronation of Edward III at Westminster Abbey.
- 31 March – Charles IV of France (Isabella's brother) makes peace with Edward III, returning Gascony to English control.
- 4 August – First War of Scottish Independence: Scottish forces defeat the English at the Battle of Stanhope Park.
- 10 August – John Grandisson nominated as Bishop of Exeter (consecrated 18 October); he will serve for more than forty years.
- 21 September – death of Edward II at Berkeley Castle, later rumoured to be murdered.
- De Officiis Regum written by Walter de Millinate; the oldest known text to include an illustration of a cannon.
- 24 January – marriage of Edward III to Philippa of Hainault at York Minster.
- 1 May – by the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence.
- 5 June – Simon Mepeham enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 12 June – Edward III's sister Joan marries David Bruce, son of the Scottish King.
- October – Mortimer proclaims himself Earl of March.
- Willam of Ockham flees Avignon and seeks refuge with the Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria.
- Reconstruction of Exeter Cathedral in the Decorated Gothic style begins.
- A storm surge on the Suffolk coast chokes the harbour of Dunwich and sweeps away the village of Newton.
- St. Catherine's Oratory lighthouse on the Isle of Wight is completed.
- William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros (died 1352)
- 9 November – Walter Langton, Bishop of Lichfield and treasurer of England
- 3 March – Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, military leader (born c. 1276)
- 15 October – Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter and Lord High Treasurer (born 1261)
- 27 October – Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester, chief adviser to Edward II (born 1262)
- 17 November – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, politician (born 1285)
- 26 November – Hugh the younger Despenser, knight (born 1286)
- Stratton, J. M. (1969). Agricultural Records. London: John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 98–100. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 157–159. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Sandstone memorial plaque on main school building.
- Lambrick, Gabrielle (May 1964). "Abingdon and the Riots of 1327" (PDF). Oxoniensia. 29–30: 129–41. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
- Simons, Paul (2008). Since Records Began. London: Collins. pp. 175–6. ISBN 978-0-00-728463-4.