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Stefan Milutin, in a 14th century fresco at the Studenica Monastery
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1321 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1321
Ab urbe condita2074
Armenian calendar770
Assyrian calendar6071
Balinese saka calendar1242–1243
Bengali calendar728
Berber calendar2271
English Regnal year14 Edw. 2 – 15 Edw. 2
Buddhist calendar1865
Burmese calendar683
Byzantine calendar6829–6830
Chinese calendar庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4018 or 3811
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4019 or 3812
Coptic calendar1037–1038
Discordian calendar2487
Ethiopian calendar1313–1314
Hebrew calendar5081–5082
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1377–1378
 - Shaka Samvat1242–1243
 - Kali Yuga4421–4422
Holocene calendar11321
Igbo calendar321–322
Iranian calendar699–700
Islamic calendar720–721
Japanese calendarGen'ō 3 / Genkō 1
Javanese calendar1232–1233
Julian calendar1321
Korean calendar3654
Minguo calendar591 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−147
Thai solar calendar1863–1864
Tibetan calendar阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1447 or 1066 or 294
    — to —
(female Iron-Rooster)
1448 or 1067 or 295

Year 1321 (MCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


January – March[edit]

  • January 19 – King Edward I of England appoints the Archbishop of York; the Bishops of Carlisle, Worcester, and Winchester; the Earls of Pembroke, Hereford, and Badlesmere; and six other people to negotiate with Scotland for a final peace treaty or an extension of the Pembroke treaty of 1319 before its expiration on Christmas Day.[1]
  • January 20 – The English Parliament appoints a commission to inquire about illegal confederacies in Wales against the King.[2]
  • January 30 – The Welsh Earls of Hereford, Arundel, and Surrey, and 26 other people are forbidden from attending any meetings to discuss matters affecting King Edward II.[2]
  • February 10 – By papal verdict announced in the Polish town of Brześć, the Teutonic Knights are ordered to return the coastal region of Gdańsk Pomerania to Poland, having annexed and occupied it since 1308. The Teutonic Order appeals the judgment and continues fighting against Poland, with a new Polish–Teutonic War breaking out soon afterward.
  • March 22 – The first Genkō era begins in Japan after the end of the Gen'ō era.

April – June[edit]

July – September[edit]

October – December[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Western Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]




  • The Kebra Nagast ("The Glory of the Kings") is translated from Arabic to Ge'ez, according to its colophon (approximate date).[24]




  1. ^ J. R. S. Phillips, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke 1307-1324: Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II (Oxford University Press, 2018) p.203
  2. ^ a b Sir James H. Ramsay, Genesis of Lancaster (Clarendon Press, 1913) pp.114-115
  3. ^ David Nirenberg, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages (Princeton University Press, 1996) p.54
  4. ^ Ostrogorsky, George (1969). History of the Byzantine State, pp. 499–501. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-0599-2.
  5. ^ Barber, Malcolm (1981). "Lepers, Jews and Moslems: The Plot to Overthrow Christendom in 1321". History. 66 (216): 7. doi:10.1111/j.1468-229x.1981.tb01356.x. PMID 11614633 – via JSTOR.
  6. ^ Grayzel, Solomon (1947). A History of the Jews: From the Babylonian Exile to the End of World War II, pp. 389–91. Jewish Publication Society of America. ISBN 0521524547.
  7. ^ Jordan, William Chester (1997). The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the early Fourteenth Century, p. 171. Princeton University Press. ISBN 1400822130.
  8. ^ McVaugh, Michael R. (2002). Medicine Before the Plague: Practitioners and Their Patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285–1345, p. 220. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521524547.
  9. ^ a b "The Canonization of Saint Thomas Aquinas", by Leonardas Gerulaitis, Vivarium 5:25–46 (1967)
  10. ^ Mortimer, Ian (2010). The Greatest Traitor. Vintage Books. p. 109. ISBN 9780099552222.
  11. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, p. 263. University Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08260-4.
  12. ^ Costain, Thomas B (1958). The Three Edwards, pp. 193–195. The Pageant of England, New York: Doubleday and Company.
  13. ^ McKisack, May (1959). The Fourteenth Century 1307–1399, p. 64. Oxford History of England. London: Oxford University Press.
  14. ^ Emery, Anthony (2006). "Southern England". Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales 1300–1500, p. 305. London: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-58132-5.
  15. ^ Cronaca della nobilissima famiglia Pico scritta da autore anonimo (Tipografia di Gaetano Cagarelli, 1875) p. 154
  16. ^ Paul Doherty, Isabella and the Strange Death of Edward II (Robinson, 2003) p.86
  17. ^ Kathryn Warner, Edward II: The Unconventional King (Amberley Publishing, 2014) p.152
  18. ^ Pompilio Pozzetti, Lettere Mirandolesi scritte al conte Ottavio Greco, Vol. 3 (Tipografia di Torreggiani e compagno, 1835) p.40
  19. ^ Nicol, Donald M. (1993). The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453 (second ed.), p. 157. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43991-6.
  20. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, p. 251. University Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08260-4.
  21. ^ Bartusis, Mark C. (1997). The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society 1204–1453, p. 87. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1620-2.
  22. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, p. 1997. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  23. ^ "Italian". The University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  24. ^ Hubbard, David Allan (1956). The Literary Sources of the Kebra Negast, p. 352. University of St. Andrews.
  25. ^ Ashley, Mike (1999). The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens, p. 551. London: Robinson Publishers. ISBN 1-84119-096-9.
  26. ^ Peter Allan Lorge (2005). War, Politics and Society in Early Modern China, 900–1795, p. 101. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780415316910.
  27. ^ "Dante Alighieri | Biography, Poems, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  28. ^ Curta, Florin (2019). Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages (500–1300), pp.667–68. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN 9789004395190.
  29. ^ Webster, Jason (2009). Sacred Sierra: A Year on a Spanish Mountain, pp. 198–202. London: Chatton & Windus. ISBN 978-0-7011-8157-4.
  30. ^ Vollert, Cyril O. (1947). Doctrine of Hervaeus Natalis, pp. 112–113. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. ISBN 9788876520242.