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|1336 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1336 in poetry|
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- February 25 – 4,000 defenders of Pilėnai commit mass suicide, rather than be taken captive by the Teutonic Knights.
- February 25 – The Kenmu Restoration ends, and the Muromachi period begins, in Japan.
- April 26 – Ascent of Mount Ventoux by the Italian poet Petrarch: he claims to be the first since classical antiquity to climb a mountain for the view.
- July 4 – Battle of Minatogawa: Ashikaga Takauji defeats Japanese Imperial forces under Kusunoki Masashige and Nitta Yoshisada
- The reign of Emperor Kōmyō, second of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders, begins.
- Vijayanagara is founded on the southern part of the Deccan plateau in India, by the brothers Harihara and Bukka Raya.
- Aberdeen is burned by the English.
- July 25 – Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1404)
- date unknown
- January 20 – John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (b. 1306)
- May 17 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)
- July 4 – Saint Elizabeth of Portugal (b. 1271)
- September 5 – Charles d'Évreux (b. 1305)
- date unknown
- Bernard VIII, Count of Comminges (b. c. 1285)
- Arpa Ke'un, Ilkhanid emperor
- Guillaume Pierre Godin, French Dominican philosopher (b. c. 1260)
- Hugh II of Arborea
- Margiris, Duke of Samogitia
- Ramon Muntaner, Catalan soldier and writer (b. 1270)
- Cino da Pistoia, Italian poet (b. 1270)
- Richard of Wallingford, English monk and mathematician (b. 1292)