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|1342 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1342 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2095|
|Balinese saka calendar||1263–1264|
|English Regnal year||15 Edw. 3 – 16 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)|
4038 or 3978
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4039 or 3979
|- Vikram Samvat||1398–1399|
|- Shaka Samvat||1263–1264|
|- Kali Yuga||4442–4443|
|Japanese calendar||Ryakuō 5 / Kōei 1|
|Minguo calendar||570 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1884–1885|
1468 or 1087 or 315
— to —
1469 or 1088 or 316
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1342.|
- January 21–June 27 – An-Nasir Ahmad, Sultan of Egypt, rules prior to being deposed by his half-brother As-Salih Ismail.
- May 7 – Pope Clement VI succeeds Pope Benedict XII, as the 198th Pope.
- July 16 – Louis I becomes king of Hungary.
- July 18 – Battle of Zava: Mu'izz al-Din Husayn defeats the Sarbadars.
- August 15 – Louis "the Child" becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens.
- September 4 – John III of Trebizond (John III Comnenus) becomes emperor of Trebizond.
- Guy de Lusignan becomes Constantine II, King of Armenia (Gosdantin, Կոստանդին Բ).
- The Patriarch of Antioch is transferred to Damascus, under Ignatius II.
- Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol.
- Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347 – The Zealots seize power in Thessalonica, expelling its aristocrats and declaring themselves in favour of the regency.
- January 17 – Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1404)
- April 6 – Infanta Maria, Marchioness of Tortosa (d. after 1363)
- November 8 – Julian of Norwich, English mystic (approximate date; d. 1413)
- date unknown
- March 31 – Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Italian Augustinian monk
- April 25 – Pope Benedict XII
- July 16 – King Charles I of Hungary
- September 4 – Anna Anachoutlou, Empress of Trebizond
- November 29 – Michael of Cesena, Italian Franciscan leader (b. 1270)
- date unknown
- probable – Marsilius of Padua, Italian scholar (b. 1270)