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|1348 by topic|
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|Establishments - Disestablishments|
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|1348 in poetry|
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- April 7 – Charles University is founded in Prague.
- June – Two ships enter the Bristol Channel bringing the bubonic plague to England.
- June 24 – The Black Death outbreak goes into full swing in Melcombe Regis (modern-day Weymouth, Dorset in England).
- July 6 – A Papal bull is issued by Pope Clement VI, protecting Jews against popular aggression during the Black Death epidemic.
- November 1 – The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro because they are serfs of the King of Valencia and thus "royalists".
- The Black Death epidemic spreads to central and western Europe.
- Emperor Sukō succeeds Emperor Komyo of Japan, making them the third and second of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders, respectively.
- Stefan the Mighty, Emperor of Serbia conquers Thessaly and Epirus.
- Edward III of England creates the first English order of chivalry, the Most Noble Order of the Garter.
- The Pskov Republic gains independence from the Novgorod Republic with the treaty of Bolotovo.
- The Black Death breaks out in Cairo.
- Estimation: Hangzhou in Mongolian China becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Cairo, capital of Mamluk Egypt.
- A de facto truce is observed between England and France until 1355.
- Gonville Hall, the forerunner of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge is founded.
- date unknown
- February 2 – Narymunt, Prince of Pinsk
- June 9 – Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Sienese painter (b. 1290)
- August 23 – John de Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury
- July 1 – Joan, Princess of England
- December 2 – Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (b. 1297)
- date unknown
Thousands of people across Europe as they succumbed to the devastating plagues that blazed through countries.