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This article is about the year 1356. For the novel by Bernard Cornwell, see 1356 (novel).
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1320s 1330s 1340s – 1350s – 1360s 1370s 1380s|
|Years:||1353 1354 1355 – 1356 – 1357 1358 1359|
|1356 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1356 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2109|
|English Regnal year||29 Edw. 3 – 30 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4052 or 3992
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4053 or 3993
|- Vikram Samvat||1412–1413|
|- Shaka Samvat||1277–1278|
|- Kali Yuga||4456–4457|
|Japanese calendar||Bunna 5 / Enbun 1
|Minguo calendar||556 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1898–1899|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1356.|
- January 20 – Edward Balliol surrenders his title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England.
- September 19 – Battle of Poitiers: The English, commanded by Edward, the Black Prince, defeat the French in the Hundred Years' War, capturing King John II of France.
- October 17 – Erik XII proclaims himself king of Sweden, in opposition to his father, king Magnus IV. Thus begins a civil war in Sweden between father and son, which will last until Erik's death in 1359.
- October 18 (St Luke's Day) – The Basel earthquake destroys the city of Basel in Switzerland, the most significant earthquake in central Europe in recorded history.
- December 25 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, promulgates the Golden Bull, a form of constitution for his empire.
- The city of Lwów is granted Magdeburg rights by Casimir III of Poland.
- The majority of the Great Pyramid of Giza's limestone casing stones are removed by Bahri Sultan An-Nasir Nasir-ad-Din al-Hasan to build fortresses and mosques in the nearby city of Cairo, leaving the first of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in the step-stone condition in which it remains today.
- Burnt Candlemas: Edward III of England burns down every town and village in Lothian, Scotland.
- The Hanseatic League, a trading alliance between many cities in northern Europe, is officially founded.
- Ghazan II replaces Anushirwan as ruler of the Ilkhanate in Persia.
- Zhu Yuanzhang, one of the leaders in the Red Turban Rebellion, captures the city of Nanjing from the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty in China; from then on it becomes his base of power and the capital of a new dynasty he will establish in 1368, the Ming dynasty.
- Probable completion of Castelvecchio Bridge in Verona; its main span of 48.7 m is the world's longest arch at this time.
- June 23 – Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut (b. 1311)
- September 19 – Killed at the Battle of Poitiers:
- date unknown