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This article is about the year 1359.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1320s 1330s 1340s – 1350s – 1360s 1370s 1380s|
|Years:||1356 1357 1358 – 1359 – 1360 1361 1362|
|1359 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1359 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2112|
|English Regnal year||32 Edw. 3 – 33 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4055 or 3995
— to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4056 or 3996
|- Vikram Samvat||1415–1416|
|- Shaka Samvat||1281–1282|
|- Kali Yuga||4460–4461|
|Japanese calendar||Enbun 4
|Minguo calendar||553 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1901–1902|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1359.|
- May 25 – The French States-General repudiates the terms of the Second Treaty of London, signed earlier in the year between England and France.
- June 21 – Upon the death of Erik Magnusson, his claims to the Swedish throne die with him and power is restored undivided to his father, king Magnus.
- July 4 – Francesco II Ordelaffi surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
- December 19 – The courts of the Principality of Catalonia are held in Cervera, giving birth to the General Deputation of Catalonia (Diputació del General de Catalunya) or Generalitat of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya).
- Murad I (1359–1389) succeeds Orhan I (1326–1359) as sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
- Berlin joins the Hanseatic League.
- Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol, and her husband, Louis of Bavaria, are absolved from excommunication.
- Abu Salim Ali II overthrows Muhammad II as Said as ruler of the Merinid Dynasty in present-day Morocco.
- Bogdan I becomes Prince of Moldavia (now Moldova) after freeing it from Hungarian control.
- The Zayanids under Abu Hamuw II recapture Algeria.
- Shah Mahmud overthrows his brother, Shah Shuja, as leader of the Muzaffarid tribe in Persia.
- Qulpa becomes Khan of the Blue Horde after the death of Berdi Beg.
- Ismail II overthrows his uncle, Muhammed V, as King of Granada (in present-day Spain).
- January 11 – Emperor Go-En'yū of Japan (d. 1393)
- July 15 – Antonio Correr, cardinal (d. 1445)
- probable – Owain Glyndŵr, last Welsh Prince of Wales (d. 1416)
- June 21 – Erik Magnusson, king of Sweden since 1356 (b. 1339)
- October 10 – King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1310)
- October 25 – Beatrice of Castile, queen consort of Portugal (b. 1293)
- November 13 – Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Moscovy (b. 1326)
- November 14 – Gregory Palamas, Archbishop of Thessalonica (b. 1296)