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This article is about the year 1380.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1350s 1360s 1370s – 1380s – 1390s 1400s 1410s|
|Years:||1377 1378 1379 – 1380 – 1381 1382 1383|
|1380 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1380 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2133|
|English Regnal year||3 Ric. 2 – 4 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己未年 (Earth Goat)
4076 or 4016
— to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4077 or 4017
|- Vikram Samvat||1436–1437|
|- Shaka Samvat||1302–1303|
|- Kali Yuga||4481–4482|
|Japanese calendar||Kōryaku 2
|Minguo calendar||532 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1922–1923|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1380.|
- February – Olaf II of Denmark becomes Olaf IV of Norway, with his mother Margaret as regent. Iceland and the Faroe Islands, as parts of Norway, pass under the Danish crown.
- May 31 – Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila signs the secret Treaty of Dovydiškės with the Teutonic Knights. This sparks a civil war with his uncle Kęstutis.
- June 21 – Battle of Chioggia: the Venetian fleet defeats Genoeses.
- July 27 – Henry Bolingbroke marries Mary de Bohun at Arundel Castle.
- September 8 – Battle of Kulikovo: Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at the Battle of Kulikovo.
- September 16 – Charles V of France is succeeded by his twelve-year-old son, Charles VI.
- October 2 – Caterina Visconti marries her first cousin, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, later Duke of Milan, at the Church of San Giovanni in Conca.
- November 3 - Charles VI of France, who succeeded his father, Charles V of France, in September is crowned.
- Sir William Walworth, a member of the Fishmongers Guild, becomes Lord Mayor of London for the second time.
- Khan Tokhtamysh of the White Horde dethrones Khan Mamai of the Blue Horde. The two hordes unite to form the Golden Horde.
- Karim Al-Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.
- The Hongwu Emperor purges the chancellor of China, Hu Weiyong, and abolishes that office as he imposes direct imperial rule over the six ministries of central government for the Ming Empire.
- The last islands of Polynesia are discovered and inhabited.
- The Companhia das Naus is founded by King Ferdinand I of Portugal.
- The imposter Paul Palaiologos Tagaris, having been appointed Latin Patriarch of Constantinople by Pope Urban VI, takes up residence in his see at Chalcis.
- February 11 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (d. 1459)
- September 8 – Saint Bernardino of Siena, Italian Franciscan missionary (d. 1444)
- November 27 – King Ferdinand I of Aragon (d. 1416)
- date unknown
- April 29 – Saint Catherine of Siena, Italian theologian (b. 1347)
- May 5 – Saint Philotheos, Coptic martyr
- July 13 – Bertrand du Guesclin, Constable of France (b. c. 1320)
- July 26 – Emperor Kōmyō of Japan, former Emperor of Japan (b. 1322)
- September 11 – Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1340)
- September 16 – King Charles V of France (b. 1338)
- December 29 – Elizabeth of Poland, queen consort of Hungary (b. 1305)
- date unknown